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Walters Ms. W.750, Four leaves from the Arabic version of Dioscorides' De materia medica
Four leaves from the Arabic version of Dioscorides' De materia medica
Authority name: Dioscorides Pedanius, of Anazarbos
These are four consecutive leaves (numbered fols. 237-241) from an illustrated manuscript of the Arabic version of De materia medica by Dioscorides, copied in the seventh century AH / thirteenth CE in Iran. Pedanius Dioscorides wrote his treatise on medicinal plants in the first century CE. It was translated into Syriac and then Arabic in Baghdad in the third century AH / ninth CE. De materia medica by Dioscorides was one of the earliest scientific manuscripts to be translated from Greek to Arabic. The Walters' leaves illustrate five plants: wild cucumber, mezereon (spurge-olive), and three varieties of thymelaea (spurge-laurel).
7th century AH / 13th CE
Scientific -- Medical
The primary language in this manuscript is Arabic.
20.0 cm wide by 29.5 cm high
14.5 cm wide by 24.0 cm high
- Columns: 1
- Ruled lines: 19
- Title: De materia medica
- Author: Dioscorides Pedanius, of Anazarbos
- Text note: It is not certain from which parent manuscript these leaves derive, although a copy in the Bibliothèque nationale de France (originally Collection Vignier-Densmore), which has the same dimensions, has been cited as a possibility.
- Hand note: Written in vocalized naskh script
- Title: Wild cucumber
- Form: Illustration
- Label: This illustration depicts wild cucumber (qathāʾ al-barrī or qathāʾ al-ḥimār).
- Title: Mezereon (spurge-olive)
- Form: Illustration
- Label: This illustration depicts mezereon (spurge-olive) (khāmālā, māzaryūn, fūrūs).
- Title: Thymelaea (spurge-laurel)
- Form: Illustration
- Label: This illustration depicts thymelaea (spurge-laurel) (thūmālā, khāmālā).
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Principal cataloger: Gacek, Adam
Catalogers: Landau, Amy; Smith, Sita
Editor: Bockrath, Diane
Conservators: Jewell, Stephanie; Quandt, Abigail
Contributors: Barrera, Christina; Emery, Doug; Herbert, Lynley; Noel, William; Simpson, Shreve; Tabritha, Ariel; Toth, Michael B.; Valle, Chiara
The Walters Art Museum
Licensed for use under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported Access Rights, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/legalcode. It is requested that copies of any published articles based on the information in this data set be sent to the curator of manuscripts, The Walters Art Museum, 600 North Charles Street, Baltimore MD 21201.