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Walters Ms. W.429, Book of Hours
Book of Hours
This pocket-size Book of Hours, ca. 1500, was completed in the style of the Master of the Prayerbooks and his associates. This manuscript was likely completed in Bruges, where these artists seem to have been centered. The style of illumination, which can be seen in the twelve extant miniatures, borders, historiated initials, and even drolleries, exhibits a skilled precision required of painters who were tasked with completing the illumination of books this size.
Ca. 1500 CE
Supplied name: Circle of the Master of the Prayerbooks
The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.
Parchment of light weight, heavier for illuminated leaves; well selected and prepared
Modern pencil foliation upper right corners rectos
Formula: Quire 1: 4, first folio is front pastedown, second is front flyleaf (pastedown, front flyleaf, fols. 1-2); Quire 2: 2, hooked under front pastedown? (fols. 3-4); Quire 3: 8 (fols. 5-12); Quire 4: 8, with third folio added (fols. 13-21); Quire 5: 10, with first and seventh folios added (fols. 22-31); Quire 6: 8 (fols. 32-39); Quire 7: 8, with second folio added (fols. 40-48); Quire 8: 8 (fols. 49-56); Quire 9: 8, with fifth folio added (fols. 57-65); Quire 10: 8 (fols. 66-73); Quire 11: 8 (fols. 74-81); Quire 12: 8, with first and sixth folios added (fols. 82-91); Quire 13: 8, with first folio added (fols. 92-100); Quire 14: 8, with first and sixth folio added (fols. 101-110); Quire 15: 8, with eighth cancelled? (fols. 111-117); Quire 16: 8, with first folio added (fols. 118-126); Quire 17: 8, (fols. 127-134); Quire 18: 8, with fifth folio added (fols. 135-143); Quires 9-24: 8 (fols. 144-191); Quire 25: 8, last folio is back pastedown (fols. 192-198)
Comments: It is likely that there were inserted images now missing before fols. 13, 74, 78
7.5 cm wide by 10.9 cm high
3.8 cm wide by 5.8 cm high
- Columns: 1
- Ruled lines: 17
- Layout does not apply to calendar: written surface 5.8 x 3.8cm, 3 columns, 17 lines
- Title: Book of Hours
- Hand note: Written in Italianate gotica rotunda; change of hand on fol. 184r
- Decoration note: Twelve extant inserted full-page miniatures (18 lines), by the Circle of Master of the Prayerbooks ca. 1500, Bruges(?); two historiated initials (7 lines); drolleries found in select borders either opposite full-page miniature or in borders of full-page miniature; decorated illuminated initials of liquid gold at text openings opposite full-page miniatures and at secondary text divisions; borders of liquid gold around full-page miniatures, on text pages opposite full-page miniatures, and at text openings marked by historiated initials; rubrics in pale rose, text in dark brown ink
- Title: Calendar
- Rubric: Januarius habet dies .xxxi. Luna vero xxx.
- Contents: One-third filled; heading format typically 1-2 lines; graded in pale mauve and dark brown ink; two-color scheme; in light mauve: names of months, number of days per month/moon, golden numbers, dominical letter "a"; in dark brown with capitals stroked in a pale buff: dominical letters "b"-"g" and regular feasts; names often followed by abbreviated designations (martyr, abbot, etc.), some unabbreviated; contents indicate association with west Flanders; feasts of note include: Chair of St. Peter (Jan. 1, "Cathedra petri," regularly Feb. 22, scribal error for conversion of Paul on this date?), Amandus and Vedast (Feb. 6), Magus (Feb. 21, rare), Julianus (Mar. 4), Eulalia (Mar. 30), Valeric (Apr. 1), Waldetrudis (Apr. 9), Leo I (Apr. 12), Timothy (May 15 + octave), Albinus (Jun. 22), Theoderic (Jul. 1), Vineonis (Jul. 27, martyr), Stephen (Aug. 2, Translation), Lambert (Sept. 18, regularly Sept. 17), Firminus (Sept. 25), Remigius and Bavo (Oct. 1), Leodegar (Oct. 3), Adrian and Marcellus (Oct. 13, rare), Donatian (Oct. 14), Winnoc (Nov. 6), Brictius (Nov. 13), Thecla (Nov. 16, regularly Sept. 23), Eusebia (Nov. 19, rare), Ignatius (Dec. 16), Julius (Dec. 20, "Juliani martiris")
- Title: Suffrage to the Holy Face
- Rubric: Oracio ad sancta Veronica
- Incipit: Salve sancta facies
- Text note: Opening text rhyming, partly crossed out by later owner; fol. 14r: blank, ruled
- Title: Hours of the Cross
- Rubric: Incipit officium sancte crucis
- Incipit: Domine labia mea aperies
- Decoration note: Fol. 15r: full-page miniature
- Title: Hours of the Holy Spirit
- Rubric: Incipiunt hore sancti spiritus
- Incipit: Domine labia mea aperies
- Decoration note: Fol. 22r: full-page miniature
- Title: Mass of the Virgin
- Rubric: Incipit missa beate maria
- Incipit: Et introibo ad altare dei
- Decoration note: Fol. 28r: full-page miniature
- Title: Gospel Sequences
- Rubric: Initium sancti evangelii secundum iohannem gloria tibi domine
- Incipit: In principio erat verbum
- Contents: Fols. 35r-36r: John 1:1-14; fols. 36r-37v: Luke 1:26-38; fols. 37v-39r: Matthew 2:1-12; fols. 39r-40r: Mark 16:14-20
- Text note: Fol. 40v: blank, ruled
- Title: Hours of the Virgin
- Rubric: Incipit officium beate marie virginis secundum consuetudinem romane curie. Ad matutinas.
- Incipit: Domine labia mea aperies
- Contents: Fol. 62v: headings for canonical hours termed "Ad . . . ." beginning at Lauds; fols. 106v-107r: Hymn to the Virgin, termed prayer in heading altered in the seventeenth century to "Antiphona B. M. Virginis": Oratio ad beatam mariam. Salve regina misericordie vita. Dulcedo es spes nostra salve. . . ."; fol. 107v: Prayer to God concerning Virgin, headed: Oratio. O. s. d. qui gloriose virginis et matris marie corpus et animam . . . ."
- Text note: Fols. 60v, 73v, 100v: blank, ruled verso at end of Matins, Lauds, Vespers; fol. 107v: blank, ruled
- Decoration note: Six full-page miniatures on fols. 41v, 61v, 82v, 87v, 92v, 101v
- Title: Advent Office of the Virgin
- Rubric: Incipit officium beate marie virginis quod dicitur per totum adventum. Ad vesperas. Vs.
- Incipit: Deus in adiutorium meum intende
- Decoration note: Fol. 108r: full-page miniature
- Title: Seven Penitential Psalms
- Rubric: Incipiunt septem psalmi. Ps.
- Incipit: Domine ne in furore
- Decoration note: Fol. 118r: full-page miniature
- Title: Litany, petitions, invocations, and collects
- Rubric: Letania
- Incipit: Kyrie elyson
- Contents: Fols. 130v-133r: litany, destination unclear from selection of saints; sixteen apostles/evangelists: Peter to Mark; twelve martyrs, last six are paired, namely John/Paul, Cosmas/Damian, Gervasius/Protasius; nine pontiffs/confessors/doctors, ending Nicholas, Ludovicus, Julianus; four monks/hermits/priests/leuites: Benedict, Francis, Anthony, Dominic; eight virgins/widows, including Mary Magdalene, Clare, Elizabeth; fols. 133r-136r: petitions, cues to invocations, Psalm 69; fols. 136r-137r: imprecations; fols. 137r-138v: six collects, headed "Oratio" in full or abbreviated
- Title: Office of the Dead
- Rubric: Incipiunt vigile mortuorum. antiphona.
- Incipit: Dilexi quoniam exaudiet
- Text note: Fol. 183v: blank, ruled
- Decoration note: Fol. 139r: full-page miniature
- Title: Two Prayers to the Virgin
- Rubric: Oratio devotissima ad beatam virginem mariam
- Incipit: Obsecro te Domina sancta maria
- Contents: Fols. 184r-191r: two prayers to the Virgin; fols. 191r-196v: Athanasian Creed
- Text note: Fols. 197r-198v: blank, ruled
- Decoration note: Two full-page miniatures on fols. 184r and 191r
- Title: Virgin and Child in enclosed garden, offered fruit by angel
- Form: Full-page miniature
- Text: Mass of the Virgin
- Title: Coronation of the Virgin by members of the Trinity
- Form: Full-page miniature
- Text: Advent Office of the Virgin
The binding is not original.
Italy, ca. seventeenth century; crimson morocco over pasteboard, butt corners; original sewing on four tawed bands, silver initials on each side: "D V" at top, "M M" at base; lower cover: "D M" at top, "R M" at base; spine rebacked, possibly repaired, endbands in blue and pink silk, gilt edges, indentations attest to former presence of two fore-edge fastenings
Bruges(?), ca. 1500; completed for use of Rome, illuminations reflect the influence of the circle of the Master of the Prayerbooks, ca. 1500
Italy, seventeenth century, deluxe binding applied
Leo. S. Olschki, Florence, Italy; obtained by 1910-1911, his inventory number "32198" centered on front pastedown, "69" penciled at top left, "17" in pencil on back pastedown at top right (another hand?)
Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased in 1911-1912, shipping list ca. 1912: WAG archives
Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest
Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 3. Belgium, 1250-1530. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the Walters Art Gallery, 1989; pp. 470-474 (ref. under cat. no. 288, W. 429).
Olschki, L. S. "Quelques manuscrits fort précieux," La Bibliofilia 13 (1911-12): p. 17, illus. (fols. 41v, 118v)
Olschki, L. S. Manuscrits sur vélin avec miniatures, Cat. 74; Sale Catalogues, (Florence, 1910): no. 21, Pl. VIII (fols. 41v, 118v).
Bowles, E. A. "A Checklist of Musical Instruments in Fifteenth-Century Illuminated Manuscripts at the Walters Art Gallery," Quarterly Journal of the Musical Library Association; 32/4 (1976): pp. 719-796.
De Ricci, Seymour, and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935; p. 813, cat. no. 347.
Owens, M. B. "Musical Subjects in the Illumination of Books of Hours from Fifteenth-Century France and Flanders," Ph.D dissertations, University of Chicago: 1987, p. 472.
Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.
Cataloger: Herbold, Rebekah
Editor: Herbert, Lynley
Copy editor: Dibble, Charles
Conservators: Owen, Linda; Quandt, Abigail
Contributors: Emery, Doug; Herbert, Lynley; Noel, William; Tabritha, Ariel; Toth, Michael B.; Wiegand, Kimber
The Walters Art Museum
Licensed for use under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported Access Rights, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode. It is requested that copies of any published articles based on the information in this data set be sent to the curator of manuscripts, The Walters Art Museum, 600 North Charles Street, Baltimore MD 21201.