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Walters Ms. W.37, Book of Hours (Use of Liège)

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Shelf mark

W.37


Manuscript

Book of Hours (Use of Liège)


Text title
Book of Hours

Abstract

This small but richly illuminated Book of Hours was made ca. 1300-10 for the Use of Liège. The manuscript was created for a woman, likely a Beguine living in Huy, and inscriptions indicate it continued to be used in that region by another family into the seventeenth century. The number and variety of illuminations in the manuscript are remarkable given its small size, for it contains fourteen extant full-page miniatures, twenty-four calendar images, eleven extant large historiated initials, 188 small historiated initials, and countless marginal drolleries. Although an early rebinding resulted in the loss or rearrangement of several folios, this manuscript remains a fine example of the richness and intimacy of a Book of Hours from this period.


Date

Ca. 1300-1310 CE


Origin

Liège


Form

Book


Genre

Devotional


Language:

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin. The secondary language of this manuscript is French, Old (842-ca.1400).


Support material

Parchment

Medium weight, well prepared parchment; thicker pages used for prefatory miniatures


Extent

Foliation: i+197+i

Flyleaves are modern parchment, contemporary with later binding; first two folios were originally blank but structurally part of the first quire


Collation

Formula: Front flyleaves: i ; Quire 1: 6 (fols. 1-6); Quire 2: 2 (fols. 7-8); Quire 3: 4 (fols. 9-12); Quire 4: remnant of quire of undetermined size, now containing 3 folios (fols. 13-15); Quires 5-8: 10 (fols. 16-55); Quire 9: 10, lacking the eighth folio (fols. 56-64); Quires 10-11: 10 (fols. 65-84); Quires 12-13: 8 (fols. 85-100); Quire 14-15: 10 (fols. 101-120); Quire 16: 10, lacking the first and eighth folios (fols. 121-128); Quires 17-21: 10 (fols. 129-178); Quire 22: 8, lacking first and eighth folios (fols. 179-184); Quire 23: 8, with the fifth folio tipped in (fols. 185-193); Quire 24: 4 (fols. 194-197); Back flyleaves: i

Catchwords: Lower right corners, versos, beginning on fol. 25v, except on folios with miniatures

Signatures: Visible on lower right corners, rectos, fols. 139r-143r, "o" to "o////"

Comments:


Dimensions

6.9 cm wide by 9.1 cm high


Written surface

3.7 cm wide by 4.8 cm high


Layout
  1. Columns: 1
  2. Ruled lines: 13
  3. Ruled in brown ink; layout does not apply to the calendar

Contents:
fols. 1r - 197:
  1. Title: Book of Hours
  2. Hand note: Calendar: textura; main text: rounded textura, with major medial pauses marked by punctus elevatus, and final pauses by punctus; ownership entries on fols. 1v-2r written in cursive in gray-brown ink
  3. Decoration note: Two full-page miniatures and one large historiated initial missing; fourteen extant full-page miniatures; twenty-four calendar illuminations with labors and zodiac symbols for each month (13 lines); eleven extant large historiated initials (8 to 10 lines) face full-page miniatures; 188 small historiated initials (4 lines) at secondary text divisions; drolleries throughout; alternating gold and blue versals with blue and red pen flourishes throughout (1 line); borders formed of prolonged extenders of initials; line fillers in litany have geometric or floral designs, birds, or beasts; rubrics in red; text in black ink
fols. 3r - 8v:
  1. Title: Calendar
  2. Rubric: Jani prima dies & .vii.a [septima] fine timetur
  3. Contents: Use of Liège; one quarter to one half full; graded in red and black ink; twenty-eight virgin saints shows considerable female representation; many saints of Huy indicate intended useage there; notable saints include Mengold (February 8, count of Huy), Lambert (April 28), Domitian (May 7, bishop of Tongres and Huy, patron of Huy), Gengulf (May 11), Servatius (May 13, bishop of Tongres), Monegund (July 1), Helen (August 18, "regine," and the only other with this saint listed this way is British Library Harley 2930, which is also from Liège and made for a woman who was likely a Beguine), Lambert (September 17, bishop of Liège, patron saint of diocese), Remigius (October 1), Hubert (November 3, bishop of Liège, buried at St.-Pierre, Liège), Leonard (November 6), Geneviève (November 26, "Genofeue," also uniquely found this way in a group of Liège manuscripts, see Oliver, 1988), Begga (December 17, "uidue," patron saint of Beguines
  4. Decoration note: "KL" in blue, rose, and gold begins each calendar page; labor of the month and zodiac symbols in lozenges for each month
fols. 9v - 12v:
  1. Title: Prefatory image cycle
  2. Contents: No text; Christological image cycle
  3. Decoration note: Full-page miniatures fols. 9v, 10v, 11v, and 12v
fols. 13r - 100r:
  1. Title: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin
  2. Incipit: Ecclesia de suis pressuris
  3. Contents: Use of Liège; text begins imperfectly with the first of nine lessons in Matins
  4. Decoration note: Full-page miniature and facing large historiated initial lacking after fol. 12, and full-page miniature lacking after fol. 62; full-page miniatures fols. 32v, 48v, 69v, 76v, 83v, and 92v; large historiated initials fols. 33r, 49r, 63r, 70r, 77r, 84r, and 93r; small historiated initials fols. 13r, 14r, 15r-v, 18r, 19r, 20r, 21r, 22r, 23r, 24v, 26r, 27v, 28v, 29v, 30v, 33v, 35r, 36r, 37r, 39r, 40v, 41v, 42r-v, 43r, 44v, 45v, 46r-v, 47r-v, 48r, 49r-v, 50v, 51r, 52r, 53r-v, 58r, 60v, 62r, 63r-v, 64v, 65r, 66r, 67r-v, 68v, 69r, 79r-v, 71v, 72r, 73r, 74v, 75v, 76r, 77r-v, 78v, 79r, 80r-v, 81v, 82v, 83r, 84r, 85r, 86r, 87r, 88r, 89r, 90r-v, 91v, 92r, 93r-v, 94v, 95r, 97r-v, 98r, and 99r-v
fols. 100v - 115r:
  1. Title: Seven Penitential Psalms
  2. Incipit: Domine ne in furore tuo arguas me
  3. Decoration note: Full-page miniature fol. 100v; large historiated initial fol. 101r; small historiated initials fols. 102v, 104r, 107r, 109r, 112r, 113r, and 115r
fols. 115r - 134r:
  1. Title: Fifteen Gradual Psalms
  2. Rubric: Ici commencent les .xv. p psalmes con doit dire por les pechies.
  3. Incipit: Ad dominum dum tribularer
  4. Contents: Psalms 119-133; text gap after fol. 120 due to missing leaf: fol. 120v ends "lingua nostra exul" (Ps. 125.2), and fol. 121r resumes "Cum dederit dilectis suis" (Ps. 126.2)
  5. Decoration note: Small historiated initial lacking for the opening of Ps. 126 after fol. 120; full-page miniature fol. 115v; large historiated initial fol. 116r; small historiated initials fols. 116r, 117r, 118v, 119r, 120r-v, 121r, 122r-v, 123v, 124r, and 126r-v
fols. 127r - 134r:
  1. Title: Litany
  2. Rubric: Letania.
  3. Incipit: Kyrieleyson
  4. Contents: Page missing after fol. 128; fols. 127r-129r: litany; fols. 129r-130v: petitions and invocations; fols. 130v-132r: invocations; fols. 132r-134r: four collects; list of confessors and virgins now incomplete with loss of folio after fol. 128; sixteen apostles, from John the Baptist to Luke; thirteen martyrs, which include Lambert, Adalbert, Mengold (connected to Huy), Urban, Dionysius, Donatus, and Romanus; the first confessors listed are Silvester, Leo and Gregory; the last virgins listed are Lucy, Gertrude, Walburga, Euphrasia, Anne, Elizabeth, Mary Magdalene, Mary of Egypt
  5. Decoration note: Small historiated initials fols. 127r, 130v, 132r, 132v, and 133r
fols. 134r - 147v:
  1. Title: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit
  2. Rubric: Ici commencent les hores del saint espir.
  3. Incipit: Domine labia mea
  4. Decoration note: Full-page miniature fol. 134v; large historiated initial fol. 135r; small historiated initials fols. 135v, 136v, 137v, 138v, 139r-v, 141v, 142r-v, 143r-v, 144v, 145r-v, 146r-v, and 147r-v
fols. 147v - 197v:
  1. Title: Office of the Dead
  2. Rubric: Vigilie pro defunctis.
  3. Incipit: Dilexi quoniam exaudiet
  4. Contents: Text is incomplete and scrambled due to misbinding following fol. 178; correct order is as follows: fols. 185-187 (missing 1 folio), 190 (missing 1 folio), 188, 189 (missing 1 folio), 191-194, 196, 179-184, 195, and 197
  5. Text note: Use of Liège; collect beginning on fol. 195r is for female suppliant
  6. Decoration note: Full-page miniature fol. 148v; large historiated initial fol. 149r; small historiated initials fols. 150r, 151r-v, 152v, 153v, 154v, 156v, 157v, 160r, 161r, 164r, 165r, 167v, 169v, 170v, 171v, 173r, 176r, 178v, 179v, 181r, 182r, 182v, 184r, 186v, 188r, 190r, 191v, 193r, 194r, and 195r-v

Decoration:

fol. 3r:

  1. W.37, fol. 3r
  2. Title: Man drinking and stoking a fire; Aquarius
  3. Form: Marginal illuminations, 13 lines each
  4. Text: Calendar: January

fol. 3v:

  1. W.37, fol. 3v
  2. Title: Man pruning; Pisces
  3. Form: Marginal illuminations, 13 lines each
  4. Text: Calendar: February

fol. 4r:

  1. W.37, fol. 4r
  2. Title: Man with mattock; Aries
  3. Form: Marginal illuminations, 13 lines each
  4. Text: Calendar: March

fol. 4v:

  1. W.37, fol. 4v
  2. Title: Man holding orange branches; Taurus
  3. Form: Marginal illuminations, 13 lines each
  4. Text: Calendar: April

fol. 5r:

  1. W.37, fol. 5r
  2. Title: Man playing music on vielle; Gemini
  3. Form: Marginal illuminations, 13 lines each
  4. Text: Calendar: May

fol. 5v:

  1. W.37, fol. 5v
  2. Title: Woman with basket picking flowers; Cancer
  3. Form: Marginal illuminations, 13 lines each
  4. Text: Calendar: June

fol. 6r:

  1. W.37, fol. 6r
  2. Title: Man cutting with scythe; Leo
  3. Form: Marginal illuminations, 13 lines each
  4. Text: Calendar: July

fol. 6v:

  1. W.37, fol. 6v
  2. Title: Man reaping crops; Virgo
  3. Form: Marginal illuminations, 13 lines each
  4. Text: Calendar: August

fol. 7r:

  1. W.37, fol. 7r
  2. Title: Man trampling grapes, tasting wine; Libra
  3. Form: Marginal illuminations, 13 lines each
  4. Text: Calendar: September

fol. 7v:

  1. W.37, fol. 7v
  2. Title: Man sowing a field; Scorpio
  3. Form: Marginal illuminations, 13 lines each
  4. Text: Calendar: October

fol. 8r:

  1. W.37, fol. 8r
  2. Title: Man carrying a swine; Sagittarius
  3. Form: Marginal illuminations, 13 lines each
  4. Text: Calendar: November

fol. 8v:

  1. W.37, fol. 8v
  2. Title: Man killing an ox; Capricorn
  3. Form: Marginal illuminations, 13 lines each
  4. Text: Calendar: December

fol. 9v:

  1. W.37, fol. 9v
  2. Title: Nativity
  3. Form: Full-page miniature

fol. 10v:

  1. W.37, fol. 10v
  2. Title: Presentation in the Temple
  3. Form: Full-page miniature

fol. 11v:

  1. W.37, fol. 11v
  2. Title: Christ among the doctors
  3. Form: Full-page miniature

fol. 12v:

  1. W.37, fol. 12v
  2. Title: Entry into Jerusalem
  3. Form: Full-page miniature

fol. 13r:

  1. W.37, fol. 13r
  2. Title: Initial "E" with saint orant
  3. Form: Historiated initial "E," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Matins, Lesson 1

fol. 14r:

  1. W.37, fol. 14r
  2. Title: Initial "V" with a man holding a scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "V," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Matins, Lesson 1

fol. 15r:

  1. W.37, fol. 15r
  2. Title: Initial "V" with saint holding a book and club
  3. Form: Historiated initial "V," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Matins, Lesson 2

fol. 15v:

  1. W.37, fol. 15v
  2. Title: Initial "E" with a haloed monk holding an orange staff
  3. Form: Historiated initial "E," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Matins, Lesson 2

fol. 18r:

  1. W.37, fol. 18r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with a monk holding a crozier
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Matins, Lesson 2

fol. 19r:

  1. W.37, fol. 19r
  2. Title: Initial "F" with God blessing man in bed
  3. Form: Historiated initial "F," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Matins, Lesson 3

fol. 20r:

  1. W.37, fol. 20r
  2. Title: Initial "V" with saint orant
  3. Form: Historiated initial "V," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Matins, Lesson 4

fol. 21r:

  1. W.37, fol. 21r
  2. Title: Initial "V" with haloed monk with rod; man playing vielle for dancing woman in margin
  3. Form: Historiated initial "V," 4 lines, and marginalia
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Matins, Lesson 5

fol. 22r:

  1. W.37, fol. 22r
  2. Title: Initial "V" with saint orant
  3. Form: Historiated initial "V," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Matins, Lesson 6

fol. 23r:

  1. W.37, fol. 23r
  2. Title: Initial "C" with John the Baptist holding the lamb of God (?); cloaked man playing psaltery in margin
  3. Form: Historiated initial "C," 4 lines, and marginalia
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Matins, Lesson 6

fol. 24v:

  1. W.37, fol. 24v
  2. Title: Initial "D" with saint holding a white palm
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Matins, Lesson 6

fol. 26r:

  1. W.37, fol. 26r
  2. Title: Initial "C" with saint holding scroll; archer and hybrid knight in margin
  3. Form: Historiated initial "C," 4 lines, and marginalia
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Matins, Lesson 6

fol. 27v:

  1. W.37, fol. 27v
  2. Title: Initials "L" and "P," each with man holding scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initials "L" and "P," 4 lines each
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Matins, Lesson 7

fol. 28v:

  1. W.37, fol. 28v
  2. Title: Initial "M" with hiding man
  3. Form: Historiated initial "M," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Matins, Lesson 8

fol. 29v:

  1. W.37, fol. 29v
  2. Title: Initial "E" with saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "E," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Matins, Lesson 9

fol. 30v:

  1. W.37, fol. 30v
  2. Title: Initial "T" with man playing vielle
  3. Form: Historiated initial "T," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Matins, Lesson 9

fol. 32v:

  1. W.37, fol. 32v
  2. Title: Betrayal of Christ
  3. Form: Full-page miniature
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Lauds

fol. 33r:

  1. W.37, fol. 33r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with Judas receiving his thirty pieces of silver
  3. Form: Large historiated initial "D," 8 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Lauds

fol. 33v:

  1. W.37, fol. 33v
  2. Title: Initial "D" with man holding scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Lauds

fol. 34r:

  1. W.37, fol. 34r
  2. Title: Initial "I" with man in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "I," 11 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Lauds

fol. 35r:

  1. W.37, fol. 35r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with saint (Christ?) holding crossed globe
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Lauds

fol. 36r:

  1. W.37, fol. 36r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with saint holding scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Lauds

fol. 37r:

  1. W.37, fol. 37r
  2. Title: Initial "B" with saint orant
  3. Form: Historiated initial "B," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Lauds

fol. 39r:

  1. W.37, fol. 39r
  2. Title: Initial "L" with man holding scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "L," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Lauds

fol. 40v:

  1. W.37, fol. 40v
  2. Title: Initial "C" with man holding his face in his hands
  3. Form: Historiated initial "C," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Lauds

fol. 41v:

  1. W.37, fol. 41v
  2. Title: Initial "L" with saint orant
  3. Form: Historiated initial "L," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Lauds

fol. 42r:

  1. W.37, fol. 42r
  2. Title: Initial "O" with saint holding a scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "O," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Lauds

fol. 42v:

  1. W.37, fol. 42v
  2. Title: Initial "H" with a man holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "H," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Lauds

fol. 43r:

  1. W.37, fol. 43r
  2. Title: Initial "B" with a monk holding a book and crozier
  3. Form: Historiated initial "B," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Lauds

fol. 44v:

  1. W.37, fol. 44v
  2. Title: Initial "A" with the Virgin and Child
  3. Form: Historiated initial "A," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Suffrages

fol. 45v:

  1. W.37, fol. 45v
  2. Title: Initial "D" with man holding scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Suffrages

fol. 46r:

  1. W.37, fol. 46r
  2. Title: Above: Initial "D" with holding crossed globe; Below: Initial "E" with saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initials "D" and "E," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Suffrages

fol. 46v:

  1. W.37, fol. 46v
  2. Title: Initial "I" with St. Lambert
  3. Form: Historiated initial "I," 9 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Suffrages

fol. 47r:

  1. W.37, fol. 47r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with St. Nicholas
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Suffrages

fol. 47v:

  1. W.37, fol. 47v
  2. Title: Initial "D" with St. Catherine
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Suffrages

fol. 48r:

  1. W.37, fol. 48r
  2. Title: Initial "O" with hand of God crowning three male saints
  3. Form: Historiated initial "O," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Suffrages

fol. 48v:

  1. W.37, fol. 48v
  2. Title: Christ before the High Priest
  3. Form: Full-page miniature
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Prime

fol. 49r:

  1. W.37, fol. 49r
  2. Title: Above: Large initial "D" with Peter denying Christ; Below: Initial "A" with man in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initials "D," 9 lines, and "A," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Prime

fol. 49v:

  1. W.37, fol. 49v
  2. Title: Initial "D" with man holding book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Prime

fol. 50v:

  1. W.37, fol. 50v
  2. Title: Initial "B" with saint holding book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "B," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Prime

fol. 51r:

  1. W.37, fol. 51r
  2. Title: Initial "I" with saint
  3. Form: Historiated initial "I," 9 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Prime

fol. 52r:

  1. W.37, fol. 52r
  2. Title: Initial "R" with a saint orant
  3. Form: Historiated initial "R," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Prime

fol. 53r:

  1. W.37, fol. 53r
  2. Title: Initial "A" with praying saint
  3. Form: Historiated initial "A," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Prime

fol. 53v:

  1. W.37, fol. 53v
  2. Title: Initial "Q" with saint holding arrow
  3. Form: Historiated initial "Q," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Prime

fol. 58r:

  1. W.37, fol. 58r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with saint pointing to scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Prime

fol. 60v:

  1. W.37, fol. 60v
  2. Title: Initial "D" with man looking away from text
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Prime

fol. 62r:

  1. W.37, fol. 62r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with a man holding a scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Prime

fol. 63r:

  1. W.37, fol. 63r
  2. Title: Above: Large initial "D" with two Jews; Below: Initial "M" with two men holding scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initials "D," 9 lines, and "M," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Terce

fol. 63v:

  1. W.37, fol. 63v
  2. Title: Initial "L" with saint pointing to a scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "L," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Terce

fol. 64v:

  1. W.37, fol. 64v
  2. Title: Initial "E" with the Virgin and Child
  3. Form: Historiated initial "E," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Terce

fol. 65r:

  1. W.37, fol. 65r
  2. Title: Initial "M" with two men in conversation
  3. Form: Historiated initial "M," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Terce

fol. 66r:

  1. W.37, fol. 66r
  2. Title: Initial "P" with a saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "P," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Terce

fol. 67r:

  1. W.37, fol. 67r
  2. Title: Initial "B" with saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "B," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Terce

fol. 67v:

  1. W.37, fol. 67v
  2. Title: Initial "M" with two saints in a conversation
  3. Form: Historiated initial "M," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Terce

fol. 68v:

  1. W.37, fol. 68v
  2. Title: Initial "I" with Saint Francis enclosed in turreted niche
  3. Form: Historiated initial "I," 11 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Terce

fol. 69r:

  1. W.37, fol. 69r
  2. Title: Initial "A" with a saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "A," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virigin: Terce

fol. 69v:

  1. W.37, fol. 69v
  2. Title: Christ carrying the cross
  3. Form: Full page miniature
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Sext

fol. 70r:

  1. W.37, fol. 70r
  2. Title: Above: Initial "O" with a martyred Saint Stephen; Below: Initial "P" with a saint in a prayer pose
  3. Form: Large historiated initial "O," 9 lines; initial "P," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Terce

fol. 70v:

  1. W.37, fol. 70v
  2. Title: Initial "D" with saint holding a book in left hand
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Sext

fol. 71v:

  1. W.37, fol. 71v
  2. Title: Initial "I" with saint holding a book in hand
  3. Form: Historiated initial "I," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Sext

fol. 72r:

  1. W.37, fol. 72r
  2. Title: Initial "Q" with a man holding a scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "Q," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Sext

fol. 73r:

  1. W.37, fol. 73r
  2. Title: Initial "L" with a saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "L," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Sext

fol. 74v:

  1. W.37, fol. 74v
  2. Title: Initial "F" with a saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "F," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Sext

fol. 75v:

  1. W.37, fol. 75v
  2. Title: Initial "E" with a saint carrying a green cross over his shoulder
  3. Form: Historiated initial "E," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Sext

fol. 76r:

  1. W.37, fol. 76r
  2. Title: Initial "A" with a man pointing at a scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "A," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin:Sext

fol. 76v:

  1. W.37, fol. 76v
  2. Title: Ecclesia and Synagogue surround Christ on the Cross
  3. Form: Full-page miniature
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: None

fol. 77r:

  1. W.37, fol. 77r
  2. Title: Above: Initial "D" Crucifixion of thieves with one's soul grasped by both an angel and a devil; Below: Initial "A" with a man praying
  3. Form: Large historiated initial "D," 9 lines; historiated initial "A," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: None

fol. 77v:

  1. W.37, fol. 77v
  2. Title: Initial "M" with a man who holds central stem of letter
  3. Form: Historiated initial "M," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: None

fol. 78v:

  1. W.37, fol. 78v
  2. Title: Initial "I" with a saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "I," 10 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: None

fol. 79r:

  1. W.37, fol. 79r
  2. Title: Initial "C" with a saint holding a sphere
  3. Form: Historiated initial "C", 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: None

fol. 80r:

  1. W.37, fol. 80r
  2. Title: Initial "U" shows an angel who plays a vielle
  3. Form: Historiated initial "U," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: None

fol. 80v:

  1. W.37, fol. 80v
  2. Title: Initial "P" shows an angel who plays a vielle
  3. Form: Historiated initial "P," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: None

fol. 81v:

  1. W.37, fol. 81v
  2. Title: Initial "A" with a saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "A," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: None

fol. 82v:

  1. W.37, fol. 82v
  2. Title: Initial "S" shows a saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "S," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: None

fol. 83r:

  1. W.37, fol. 83r
  2. Title: Initial "P" with a saint holding a white club
  3. Form: Historiated initial "P," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: None

fol. 83v:

  1. W.37, fol. 83v
  2. Title: Deposition
  3. Form: Full-page miniature
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Vespers

fol. 84r:

  1. W.37, fol. 84r
  2. Title: Above: Large-initial "D" shows the Entombment; Below: initial "D" shows the Resurrection
  3. Form: Large historiated initial "D," 9 lines; historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Vespers

fol. 85r:

  1. W.37, fol. 85r
  2. Title: Initial "L" shows a saint holding a book with object in hand
  3. Form: Historiated initial "L," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Vespers

fol. 86r:

  1. W.37, fol. 86r
  2. Title: Initial "L" man points to scroll in hand
  3. Form: Historiated initial "L," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Vespers

fol. 87r:

  1. W.37, fol. 87r
  2. Title: Initial "N" shows saint holding a scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "N," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Vespers

fol. 88r:

  1. W.37, fol. 88r
  2. Title: Initial "L" shows a man in prayer pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "L," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Vespers

fol. 89r:

  1. W.37, fol. 89r
  2. Title: Initial "A" with a man in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "A," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Vespers

fol. 90r:

  1. W.37, fol. 90r
  2. Title: Initial "S" shows a saint holding a scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "S," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Vespers

fol. 90v:

  1. W.37, fol. 90v
  2. Title: Initial "M" with two men in conversation
  3. Form: Historiated initial "M," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Vespers

fol. 91v:

  1. W.37, fol. 91v
  2. Title: Initial "S" with saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "S," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Vespers

fol. 92r:

  1. W.37, fol. 92r
  2. Title: Initial "O" man holding a scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "O," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Vespers

fol. 92v:

  1. W.37, fol. 92v
  2. Title: Three Marys at the tomb
  3. Form: Full-page miniature
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Compline

fol. 93r:

  1. W.37, fol. 93r
  2. Title: Above: initial "C" with two women dressed in robes and veils; initial "D" one woman dressed in a robe and veil
  3. Form: Large historiated initial "C," 9 lines; historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Compline

fol. 93v:

  1. W.37, fol. 93v
  2. Title: Initial "C" with a Saint holding a cross over his shoulder
  3. Form: Historiated initial "C," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Compline

fol. 94v:

  1. W.37, fol. 94v
  2. Title: Initial "I" with a saint in prayer pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "I," 7 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Compline

fol. 95r:

  1. W.37, fol. 95r
  2. Title: Initial "Q" with a saint pointing with his right hand
  3. Form: Historiated initial "Q," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Compline

fol. 97r:

  1. W.37, fol. 97r
  2. Title: Above: Initial "E" with saint pointing at his raised hand; Below: Initial "F" with man pointing at raised hand
  3. Form: Historiated initial "E" and "F," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Compline

fol. 97v:

  1. W.37, fol. 97v
  2. Title: Initial "T" with man pointing at raised hand
  3. Form: Historiated initial "T," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Compline

fol. 98r:

  1. W.37, fol. 98r
  2. Title: Initial "N" with martyred saint holding a palm in hand
  3. Form: Historiated Initial "N," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Compline

fol. 99v:

  1. W.37, fol. 99v
  2. Title: Above: Initial "S" with saint holding a book in hand; Below: Initial "C" with saint holding cross over his shoulder
  3. Form: Historiated Initial "S" and "C," 4 lines
  4. Text: Hours of the Nativity of the Virgin: Compline

fol. 100v:

  1. W.37, fol. 100v
  2. Title: Noli me tangere
  3. Form: Full-page miniature
  4. Text: Seven Penitential Psalms

fol. 101r:

  1. W.37, fol. 101r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with Transfiguration
  3. Form: Large historiated initial "D," 11 lines
  4. Text: Seven Penitential Psalms

fol. 102v:

  1. W.37, fol. 102v
  2. Title: Initial "B" with saint holding a scroll and a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "B," 4 lines
  4. Text: Seven Penitential Psalms

fol. 104r:

  1. W.37, fol. 104r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with a saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Seven Penitential Psalms

fol. 107r:

  1. W.37, fol. 107r
  2. Title: Initial "M" man hiding behind central part of letter
  3. Form: Historiated initial "M," 4 lines
  4. Text: Seven Penitential Psalms

fol. 109r:

  1. W.37, fol. 109r
  2. Title: Initial "D" saint in blessing pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Seven Penitential Psalms

fol. 112r:

  1. W.37, fol. 112r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with saint holding a scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Seven Penitential Psalms

fol. 113r:

  1. W.37, fol. 113r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with a saint holding a cross
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Seven Penitential Psalms

fol. 115r:

  1. W.37, fol. 115r
  2. Title: Servatius reclining as bishop
  3. Form: Marginal decoration
  4. Text: Seven Penitential Psalms

fol. 115v:

  1. W.37, fol. 115v
  2. Title: Martyrdom of St. Lambert
  3. Form: Full-page miniature
  4. Text: Fifteen Gradual Psalms

fol. 116r:

  1. W.37, fol. 116r
  2. Title: Initial "A" with St. Dominic assisting Naopleon Orisini after a fall from horseback
  3. Form: Large historiated initial "A," 9 lines
  4. Text: Fifteen Gradual Psalms

fol. 117r:

  1. W.37, fol. 117r
  2. Title: Initial "L" with a saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "L," 4 lines
  4. Text: Fifteen Gradual Psalms

fol. 117v:

  1. W.37, fol. 117v
  2. Title: Initial "L" with a saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "L," 4 lines
  4. Text: Fifteen Gradual Psalms

fol. 118v:

  1. W.37, fol. 118v
  2. Title: Initial "A" with a man holding and pointing at a scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "A," 4 lines
  4. Text: Fifteen Gradual Psalms

fol. 119r:

  1. W.37, fol. 119r
  2. Title: Initial "N" with a man holding a scroll wearing an orange cap
  3. Form: Historiated initial "N," 4 lines
  4. Text: Fifteen Gradual Psalms

fol. 120r:

  1. W.37, fol. 120r
  2. Title: Initial "Q" with a saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "Q," 4 lines
  4. Text: Fifteen Gradual Psalms

fol. 120v:

  1. W.37, fol. 120v
  2. Title: Initial "I" with St. Peter martyred
  3. Form: Historiated initial "I," 9 lines
  4. Text: Fifteen Gradual Psalms

fol. 121r:

  1. W.37, fol. 121r
  2. Title: Initial "B" with saint holding a rock in hand
  3. Form: Historiated initial "B," 4 lines
  4. Text: Fifteen Gradual Psalms

fol. 122r:

  1. W.37, fol. 122r
  2. Title: Initial "S" with a saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "S," 4 lines
  4. Text: Fifteen Gradual Psalms

fol. 122v:

  1. W.37, fol. 122v
  2. Title: Initial "D" with a saint in kneeling in prayer before God
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Fifteen Gradual Psalms

fol. 123v:

  1. W.37, fol. 123v
  2. Title: Initial "D" with martyr holding a palm leaf
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Fifteen Gradual Psalms

fol. 124r:

  1. W.37, fol. 124r
  2. Title: Initial "M" with man holding central stem of letter
  3. Form: Historiated initial "M," 4 lines
  4. Text: Fifteen Gradual Psalms

fol. 126r:

  1. W.37, fol. 126r
  2. Title: Initial "E" with a saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "E," 4 lines
  4. Text: Fifteen Gradual Psalms

fol. 126v:

  1. W.37, fol. 126v
  2. Title: Initial "E" with a saint pointing at his hand
  3. Form: Historiated initial "E," 4 lines
  4. Text: Fifteen Gradual Psalms

fol. 127r:

  1. W.37, fol. 127r
  2. Title: Initial "K" with saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "K," 4 lines
  4. Text: Litany

fol. 130v:

  1. W.37, fol. 130v
  2. Title: Initial "E" with saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "E," 4 lines
  4. Text: Litany

fol. 132r:

  1. W.37, fol. 132r
  2. Title: Initial "C" with saint holding a scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "C," 4 lines
  4. Text: Litany

fol. 132v:

  1. W.37, fol. 132v
  2. Title: Above: Initial "E" with saint in orant pose; Below: Initial "S" with saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "E" and "S," 4 lines
  4. Text: Litany

fol. 133r:

  1. W.37, fol. 133r
  2. Title: Initial "O" with God holding t-sphere
  3. Form: Historiated initial "O," 4 lines
  4. Text: Litany

fol. 134v:

  1. W.37, fol. 134v
  2. Title: Ascension
  3. Form: Full-page miniature
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit

fol. 135r:

  1. W.37, fol. 135r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with the Pentecost
  3. Form: Large historiated initial "D," 9 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit

fol. 135v:

  1. W.37, fol. 135v
  2. Title: Initial "B" with a saint holding a cross over shoulder
  3. Form: Historiated initial "B," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: Matins

fol. 136v:

  1. W.37, fol. 136v
  2. Title: Initial "N" with saint holding a scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "N," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: Matins

fol. 137v:

  1. W.37, fol. 137v
  2. Title: Above: Initial "D" with saint holding club; Below: Initial "U" with saint holding book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D" and "U," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: Lauds

fol. 138v:

  1. W.37, fol. 138v
  2. Title: Initial "A" with a saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "A," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: Lauds

fol. 139r:

  1. W.37, fol. 139r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with saint holding scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: Lauds

fol. 139v:

  1. W.37, fol. 139v
  2. Title: Above: Initial "D" with saint in orant pose; Below: Initial "U" with man holding and pointing to scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D" and 'U," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: Prime

fol. 140r:

  1. W.37, fol. 140r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with saint holding book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: Prime

fol. 140v:

  1. W.37, fol. 140v
  2. Title: Initial "A" with saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "A," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: Prime

fol. 141r:

  1. W.37, fol. 141r
  2. Title: Above: Initial "S" with saint holding book, Below: Initial "D" with saint crossing arms over chest
  3. Form: Historiated initials "S" and "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: Prime

fol. 141v:

  1. W.37, fol. 141v
  2. Title: Initial "Q" with saint crossing arms over chest
  3. Form: Historiated initial "Q," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: Terce

fol. 142r:

  1. W.37, fol. 142r
  2. Title: Above: Initial "A' with saint in orant pose; Below: Initial "P" with saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initials "A" and "P," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: Terce

fol. 142v:

  1. W.37, fol. 142v
  2. Title: Above: Initial "D" with a saint holding an object in hand; Below: Initial "T" with saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initials "D" and "T," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: Sext

fol. 143r:

  1. W.37, fol. 143r
  2. Title: Above:Initial "A" with man holding a book; Below: Initial "M" with two men in discussion
  3. Form: Historiated initials "A" and "M," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: Sext

fol. 143v:

  1. W.37, fol. 143v
  2. Title: Above: Initial "D" with saint holding a scroll with a veiled hand; Below: Initial "A" with a man holding school with a veiled hand
  3. Form: Historiated initials "D" and "A," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: None

fol. 144v:

  1. W.37, fol. 144v
  2. Title: Initial "D" with saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: None

fol. 145r:

  1. W.37, fol. 145r
  2. Title: Initial "M" with man hugging central stem of letter
  3. Form: Historiated initial "M," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit:None

fol. 145v:

  1. W.37, fol. 145v
  2. Title: Above: Initial "D" with saint in orant pose"; Below: Initial "H" with saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initials "D" and "H," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: Vespers

fol. 146r:

  1. W.37, fol. 146r
  2. Title: Initial "C" with saint holding a scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "C," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: Vespers

fol. 146v:

  1. W.37, fol. 146v
  2. Title: Above: Initial "A" with saint in orant pose; Below: Initial "C" with saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initials "A" and "C," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: Vespers, Compline

fol. 147r:

  1. W.37, fol. 147r
  2. Title: Above: Initial "P" with saint holding scroll; Below: Initial "I" with saint in prayer pose
  3. Form: Historiated initials "P," 4 lines, and "I," 5 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: Compline

fol. 147v:

  1. W.37, fol. 147v
  2. Title: Initial "U" with saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "U," 4 lines
  4. Text: Long Hours of the Holy Spirit: Compline

fol. 148v:

  1. W.37, fol. 148v
  2. Title: Harrowing of Hell
  3. Form: Full-page miniature
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 149r:

  1. W.37, fol. 149r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with Lazarus dives
  3. Form: Large historiated initial "D," 9 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 150r:

  1. W.37, fol. 150r
  2. Title: Initial "A" with saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "A," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 151r:

  1. W.37, fol. 151r
  2. Title: Initial "L" with saint holding and pointing to scroll in veiled hand
  3. Form: Historiated initial "L," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 151v:

  1. W.37, fol. 151v
  2. Title: Initial "D" with saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 152v:

  1. W.37, fol. 152v
  2. Title: Initial "C" with saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "C," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 153v:

  1. W.37, fol. 153v
  2. Title: Initial "M" with two saints in discussion
  3. Form: Historiated initial "M," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 154v:

  1. W.37, fol. 154v
  2. Title: Initial "U" with saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "U," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 156v:

  1. W.37, fol. 156v
  2. Title: Initial "D" with saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 157v:

  1. W.37, fol. 157v
  2. Title: Initial "D" with saint holding a scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 160r:

  1. W.37, fol. 160r
  2. Title: Initial "P" with saint carrying cross before him
  3. Form: Historiated initial "P," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 161r:

  1. W.37, fol. 161r
  2. Title: Initial "T" with saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "T," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 162v:

  1. W.37, fol. 162v
  2. Title: Initial "R" with saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "R," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 164r:

  1. W.37, fol. 164r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with man holding a scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 165r:

  1. W.37, fol. 165r
  2. Title: Initial "A" with saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "A," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 167v:

  1. W.37, fol. 167v
  2. Title: Initial "D" with saint holding a scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 169v:

  1. W.37, fol. 169v
  2. Title: Initial "Q" with man holding scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial: "Q," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 170v:

  1. W.37, fol. 170v
  2. Title: Initial "S" with saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "S," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 171v:

  1. W.37, fol. 171v
  2. Title: Initial "P" with saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "P," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 173r:

  1. W.37, fol. 173r
  2. Title: Initial "I" with saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "I," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 176r:

  1. W.37, fol. 176r
  2. Title: Initial "E" with saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "E," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 178v:

  1. W.37, fol. 178v
  2. Title: Initial "Q" with saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "Q," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 179v:

  1. W.37, fol. 179v
  2. Title: Initial "L" with saint holding object in hand
  3. Form: Historiated initial "L," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vesper

fol. 181r:

  1. W.37, fol. 181r
  2. Title: Initial "C" with saint holding book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "C," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead:Vespers

fol. 182r:

  1. W.37, fol. 182r
  2. Title: Initial "L" with saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "L," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead

fol. 182v:

  1. W.37, fol. 182v
  2. Title: Initial "B" St. Catherine
  3. Form: Historiated initial "B," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 184r:

  1. W.37, fol. 184r
  2. Title: Above: Initial "P" with main pointing at hand; Below: Initial "L" with saint playing vielle
  3. Form: Historiated initials "P" and "L," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 186v:

  1. W.37, fol. 186v
  2. Title: Initial "X" with man holding possessing scroll behind letter
  3. Form: Historiated initial "X," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 188r:

  1. W.37, fol. 188r
  2. Title: Initial "Q" with saint holding a scroll
  3. Form: Historiated initial "Q," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 189v:

  1. W.37, fol. 189v
  2. Title: Initial "M" with man grasping central stem of letter
  3. Form: Historiated initial "M," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 190r:

  1. W.37, fol. 190r
  2. Title: Initial "S" with saint holding book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "S," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 191v:

  1. W.37, fol. 191v
  2. Title: Initial "T" with saint holding hands to chest
  3. Form: Historiated initial "T," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 193r:

  1. W.37, fol. 193r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 194r:

  1. W.37, fol. 194r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with saint in prayer pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 195r:

  1. W.37, fol. 195r
  2. Title: Initial "A" with saint holding book
  3. Form: Historiated initial "A," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 195v:

  1. W.37, fol. 195v
  2. Title: Above: Initial "D" with saint holding a book; Below: Initial "F" with saint holding a book
  3. Form: Historiated initials "D" and "F," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

fol. 196r:

  1. W.37, fol. 196r
  2. Title: Initial "E" with saint in orant pose
  3. Form: Historiated initial "E," 4 lines
  4. Text: Office of the Dead: Vespers

Binding

The binding is not original.

Bound in Belgium, ca. fifteenth or sixteenth century; brown leather over wood boards; rebacked, corners repaired, and resewn on five single cords by Gruel in Paris in late nineteenth or early twentieth century; upper and lower covers have panel stamped design in blind with two columns of four motifs, each in a square, with fleur-de-lis flanking a paschal lamb and an eagle; inscription down center of imagery reads "AVE MARIA GRACIA;" spine rounded and backed; worn gilt edges; evidence of two metal fore-edge clasps on upper and lower boards


Provenance

Created for use in Liège ca. 1300-1310, likely for a female owner, possibly a Beguine living in Huy (diocese of Liège) based on saints in the calendar (see that section for details); reference to a female suppliant in a collect on fol. 195r

Owned by Figinne family of Huy from at least 1410 until after 1604; inscription on fols. 1v-2r reads: "Guillaulme de Figinne prieur de Buylon [Bouillon]" (d. 1410); Guillaulme seigneur de Figinne" (d. 1474); his daughter "Jehanne de Figinne" (d. 1558), who apparently had the book rebound; her daughter "Margarite de Daulin" (d. 1559), cited as "ma mere" by scribe of ownership entries; her son "Sire Jehan Connart (?)," canon of Huy (d. 1577); his gift to "Jean Sire de Figinne" (d. 1604), who gave it to his daughter "Catherine...damme de hauresay [?]" (d. 1596); her daughter "Anne de Woha [?];" "et depuys au hault Vowe [?] de Sironville"

Léon Gruel and Robert Engelmann collection, Paris, late nineteenth or early twentieth century; their bookplate "GE" inscribed "No. 390," and descriptive dealer slip formerly affixed to front flyleaf (now in file)

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Gruel between 1905 and 1931


Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest


Bibliography

Gruel, Léon. Collection de Léon Gruel: manuscrits rares et précieux à miniatures des IXe, XIIe, XIIIe, XIVe, XVe, XVIe siècles. Paris: ca. 1905, cat. no. 8.

De Ricci, S. and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935, p. 782, cat. no. 158.

Miner, Dorothy. Illuminated Books of the Middle Ages and Renaissance: An Exhibition Held at the Baltimore Museum of Art. Baltimore: Walters Art Gallery, 1949, cat. no. 55, pl. 31 (fol. 83v).

Randall, Lilian M. C. Images in the Margins of Gothic Manuscripts. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1966, p. 37, figs. 81, 244, 339 (fols. 158v–159r, 54v–55r, 161v–162r).

Lane, Barbara Greenhouse. The Development of the Medieval Devotional Figure. PhD diss., University of Pennsylvania, 1971: p. 174, fig. 193 (fol. 77).

Robb, David M. The Art of the Illuminated Manuscript. South Brunswick: A. S. Barnes, 1973, pp. 239, 241, fig. 164 (fol. 83v).

Beer, Ellen J., et al. Das Graduale von Sankt Katharinenthal: Kommentar…. Das Graduale von Sankt Katharinenthal um 1312, edited by Schweizerisches Landesmuseum. Lucerne: Faksimile-Verlag, 1983, pp. 118, 119, 184, figs. 7, 42, 43 (fols. 69v–70r, 16, 91v).

Oliver, Judith H. Gothic Manuscript Illumination in the Diocese of Liège (c. 1250–c. 1330). 2 vols. Corpus of Illuminated Manuscripts from the Low Countries. Leuven: Uitgeverij Peeters, 1988, cat. no. 1.

Wieck, Roger S. Time Sanctified: The Book of Hours in Medieval Art and Life. New York: George Braziller, 1988, pp. 53, 207–208, cat. no. 79, fig. 22 (fol. 7r).

George, Philippe. “Iconographies de saints mosans.” Bulletin de la Société Royale Le Vieux-Liège 11, nos. 246–47 (July–December 1989): 560-562, fig. 1 (fols. 115v–116r).

Śnieżyńska-Stolot, Ewa. "Das ptolemäische Weltbild und die mittelalterliche Ikonographie." Weiner Jahrbuch für Kunstgeschichte 46/47 (1993/1994): 699–713.

Vandenbroeck, Paul, et al. Le jardin clos de l'ame: L'imaginaire des religieuses dans les Pays-Bas du Sud depuis le 13e siècle. Brussels: Martial et Snoeck, 1994, p. 8 (fol. 93).

Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 3, pt. 1. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1997, pp. 56–64, cat. no. 220, pl. 28a (fols. 115v–116r), figs. 425, 426, 597 (fols. 76v–77r, 115r, binding).

Smeyers, Mauritius. Flemish Miniatures from the 8th to the mid-16th Century: The Medieval World on Parchment. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 1999; pp. 161, 162 (fig. 76).

Joslin, Mary Coker and Carolyn Coker Joslin Watson. The Egerton Genesis. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001; p. 245 (n. 62).

Simons, Walter. Cities of Ladies: Beguine Communities in the Medieval Low Countries, 1200-1565. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001; p. 216.

Bennett, Adelaide. "Continuity and Change in the Religious Book Culture of the Lowlands in the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries." In Medieval Mastery: Book Illumination from Charlemagne to Charles the Bold (800-1475). Edited by William Noel and Lee Preedy, 167-179. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2002; p. 176.

Bennett, Adelaide. "Mary Magdalen's Seven Deadly Sins in a Psalter-Hours." In Insights and Interpretations: Studies in Celebration of the Eighty-Fifth Anniversary of the Index of Christian Art, edited by Colum Hourihane. Princeton, NJ: Trustees of Princeton University, 2002, pp. 17-34; p. 33 (n. 40).

Bergmans, Anna. "Femmes Saintes, La Passion du Christ et l'Amour Mystique." In "Als Ich Can": Liber Amicorum in Memory of Professor Dr. Maurits Smeyers, edited by Bert Cardon, Jan Van der Stock, and Dominique Vanwijnsberghe, 141-163, vol. 1. Leuven: Peeters Press, 2002; p. 150 (n. 30).

Nevins, Teresa. "Book of Hours." In Medieval Mastery: Book Illumination from Charlemagne to Charles the Bold (800-1475). Edited by William Noel and Lee Preedy. Turnhout, Belgium: Brepols, 2002; pp. 222-223, cat. no. 47.

Śnieżyńska-Stolotowa, Ewa. Astrological Iconography in the Middle Ages: The Decanal Planets. Krakow: Jagiellonian University Press, 2003; pp. 38, 75-76.

Marrow, James H., Brigitte Dekeyzer, and Jan Van Der Stock. Pictorial Invention in the Netherlandish Manuscript Illumination of the Late Middle Ages: The Play of Illusion and Meaning. Leuven: Peeters Publishers, 2005; pp. 7, 11, 35 (n. 23).

Baert, Barbara. "The Gaze in the Garden: Body and Embodiment in Noli me tangere." Nederlands kunsthistorisch jaarboek 58 (2007): 14-39; pp. 26, 38.

Wirth, Jean, and Isabelle Engammare. Les marges à drôleries des manuscrits gothiques, 1250-1350. Geneva: Librairie Droz, 2008; p. 336.

Walsh, Christine. "'Erat Abigail Mulier Prudentissima': Gilbert of Tournai and Attitudes to Female Sanctity in the Thirteenth Century." In Saints and Sanctity. Edited by Peter Clarke and Tony Claydon, 171-180. Woodbridge, Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2011; p. 179.

Baert, Barbara. "Noli me tangere and the Senses." Religion and the Senses in Early Modern Europe. Edited by Wietse de Boer and Christine Göttler, 111-152; Leiden, Netherlands: Brill, 2012; p. 141.


Contributors

Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Dibble, Charles

Conservators: Owen, Linda; Quandt, Abigail

Contributors: Emery, Doug; Grollemond, Larisa; Herbert, Lynley; Izer, Emily; Noel, William; Schuele, Allyson; Tabritha, Ariel; Toth, Michael B.; Wiegand, Kimber


Publisher

The Walters Art Museum


License

Licensed for use under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported Access Rights, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode. It is requested that copies of any published articles based on the information in this data set be sent to the curator of manuscripts, The Walters Art Museum, 600 North Charles Street, Baltimore MD 21201.