This document is a tranformation of a TEI P5 XML manuscript description incorporating images. If you have trouble reading special or non-Latin characters on this page, please make sure you have appropriate Unicode fonts installed and an up-to-date web browser.
Walters Ms. W.229, Book of Hours
Book of Hours
This Book of Hours was created ca. 1470 in Bruges by a follower of Willem Vrelant. The manuscript contains eleven extant large miniatures and one small miniature, which are representative of the standard style established by Willem Vrelant. Collects following the Office of the Dead are for a mother, father, deceased male, and a female suppliant, which offers insight into the book's use.
Ca. 1470 CE
Supplied name: Willem Vrelant circle
The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.
Lightweight, fairly well prepared and selected; flyleaves modern woven paper
Modern pencil foliation, upper right corners rectos
Formula: Quire 1: 6 (fols. 1-6); Quire 2: 8, with eighth folio misbound, moved from quite 13 (fols. 7-15); Quire 3: 8, with first folio removed (fols. 16-22); Quires 4-9: 8 (fols. 23-70); Quire 10: 6 (fols. 71-76); Quire 11: 8 (fols. 77-84); Quire 12: 8, with sixth folio cancelled (fols. 85-91); Quire 13: 8, with fourth folio removed, fifth folio misbound in quire 2 (fols. 92-97); Quire 13: 10 (fols. 98-107)
Comments: In quire 2 the 8th folio is misbound after fol. 13, and would have originally been the 5th folio in quire 13
11.7 cm wide by 17.0 cm high
6.0 cm wide by 9.5 cm high
- Columns: 1
- Ruled lines: 16
- Ruled in light red ink; layout does not apply to calender; written area 6.2 x 11.4 cm; 4 columns of 17 lines
- Title: Book of Hours
- Artist: Willem Vrelant circle
- Hand note: Textura
- Decoration note: Eleven extant large miniatures, one extant small miniature (two missing); foliate borders around miniatures only; large decorated initials at major text openings accompanying miniatures (4 lines); small decorated initials at secondary text divisions and at "K L" in calendar (2 lines); small flourished initials in versals in alternating blue and gold (1 line); foliate line fillers in alternating red and blue; rubrics in red; text in dark brown ink
- Title: Calendar
- Rubric: Januarius habet dies. xxxi. luna. xxx.
- Contents: Calendar less than half full; graded in red and black; contents suggest Bruges; saints of note include Bathildis (Jan. 31), Basil (Jun. 14), Eligius (Jun. 25), Anne (Jul. 24, "matris marie"), Agapitus (Aug. 17, usually Aug. 18), Aegydius (Sept. 1), Remigius and Bavo (Oct. 1), Donatian (Oct. 14), Theodore (Nov. 10)
- Title: Hours of the Cross
- Rubric: Incipiunt hore de sancta cruce
- Incipit: Domine labia mea
- Decoration note: Large miniature fol. 7r
- Title: Hours of the Holy Spirit
- Rubric: Hore de sancto spiritu ad matutinas
- Incipit: Domine labia mea
- Contents: Folio from vespers in Office of the Dead included after fol. 13
- Decoration note: Large miniature fol. 11r
- Title: Mass of the Virgin, Gospel sequences, and prayers
- Incipit: ... dei et vos orare pro me peccatore
- Contents: Mass of the Virgin begins imperfectly; fols. 16r-20v: Mass of the Virgin; fols. 20v-25v: Gospel Sequence; fols. 25v-31v: Two prayers to the Virgin; fols. 25v-29v: Obsecro te; fols. 29v-31v: O intemerata
- Decoration note: Small miniature fol. 25v
- Title: Hours of the Virgin
- Rubric: Incipiunt hore beate marie virginis
- Incipit: Domine labia mea
- Contents: Headings of canonical hours start at fol. 42r
- Decoration note: Large miniatures fols. 32r, 42r, 53r, 57r, 60v, 63v, 67r and 72v
- Title: Seven Penitential Psalms
- Rubric: Incipiunt septem psalmi penitenciales
- Incipit: Domine ne in furore
- Decoration note: Large miniature fol. 77r
- Title: Litany, petitions, and collects
- Incipit: Kyrieleison
- Contents: Composite, incomplete list of confessors and lacking virgins after fol. 89v; fols. 87v-89v: litany, including sixteen apostles from Peter to Mark; nineteen martyrs, including Lupus, Amantius, Donatus and Blasius; nine doctores, including seven popes: Remegius and Vedastus; six remaining confessors, including Leonard, Bernard, Francis, Eligius, Aegydius and Dominic; fols. 90r-92v: petitions; 92v-94v: nine collects
- Title: Office of the Dead
- Incipit: ...reges terre quia audierunt omnia verba oris tue
- Contents: Short version; Office of the Dead vespers begins imperfectly; image with opening text missing, and following the folio from Vespers misbound after fol. 13r; fols. 96v-97r: three collects after Vespers, for mother, father and deceased male signified by "N" for the name
- Decoration note: Large miniature with rubric and incipit missing after fol. 94
The binding is not original.
Red velvet, early twentieth century, Belgium (?); parchment bands resewn, rounded spine; endbands include edge-bead around cord; copper clasp on center of upper board fore-edge; page edges are yellow-tinted
Created c. 1470 in Bruges by follower of Willem Vrelant; prayers suggest both male and female suppliants, fols. 96v-97v
Henry Walters, Baltimore, acquired before 1931
Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest
De Ricci, Seymour, and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935; p. 796, cat. no. 249.
Owens, M.B. "Musical Subjects in the Illumination of Books of Hours from Fifteenth-Century France and Flanders," Ph.D. diss., University of Chicago, 1987, p. 419, fig. 27 (fol. 77r)
Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 1, Belgium, 1250-1530. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press in association with the Walters Art Gallery, 1997; pp. 331-334, cat. no. 266.
Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.
Cataloger: Ransom, Allison
Editor: Herbert, Lynley
Copy editor: Dibble, Charles
Conservators: Owen, Linda; Quandt, Abigail
Contributors: Emery, Doug; Herbold, Rebekah; Noel, William; Ransom, Allison; Tabritha, Ariel; Toth, Michael B.; Wiegand, Kimber
The Walters Art Museum
Licensed for use under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported Access Rights, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode. It is requested that copies of any published articles based on the information in this data set be sent to the curator of manuscripts, The Walters Art Museum, 600 North Charles Street, Baltimore MD 21201.