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Walters Ms. W.192, Book of Hours in Dutch
Book of Hours in Dutch
Authority name: Geert Groote
This book of hours was created in the Netherlands in the fifteenth century. Written entirely in Dutch, its calendar is for the use of Utrecht. However, it was probably made in Haarlem, which produced books of hours with this kind of border decoration. Its folios are highly finished, and it is richly illuminated throughout with sprouting foliage, occasionally inhabited by people, animals, and grotesques. Large decorative initials mark the main divisions in the text, the first of which is historiated with an image of the Virgin and Child. Especially notable is the fine quality and abundance of its burnished gold, found in the initials and vegetation on nearly every page of the manuscript.
Second half of the 15th century CE
The primary language in this manuscript is Dutch; Flemish.
Highly finished cream-colored parchment, thin to medium weight
Flyleaves are added laid paper; modern pencil foliation upper right corners, rectos
Formula: 1, 1(8,-1), 2(6), 3-6(8), 7(8,-3), 8(*,-2,4,5,7), 9-12(8), 13(6), 14(8), 15(4), 16-21(8), 22(6,-6), ii
Catchwords: Mostly trimmed off; traces found on fols. 50v, 54v, and 62v
Comments: Quires begin on fols. 1(1), 8(2), 14(3), 22(4), 30(5), 38(6), 44(7), 51(8), 55(9), 63(10), 71(11), 79(12), 87(13), 93(14), 101(15), 105(16), 113(17), 121(18), 129(19), 137(20), 145(21), 153(22)
13.2 cm wide by 19.1 cm high
7.0 cm wide by 9.0 cm high
- Columns: 1
- Ruled lines: 19
- Ruled in ink
- Title: Book of Hours
- Hand note: Gothic bookhand
- Decoration note: One historiated initial (8 lines) and five large decorated initials (6-9 lines) with foliate margins containing occasional birds, insects, people, and hybrid creatures; smaller decorated initials (2 to 4 lines), including "KL" in calendar, done in blue, rose, and burnished gold, many with sprouting foliage, some with bars extending from top to bottom of text block; small initials (1 line) in alternating blue and gold initials accented with red and purple penwork throughout majority of text; geometric line fillers in blue and gold in litany; rubrics in red, text in black ink
- Title: Calendar
- Rubric: Januarius
- Contents: Calendar for use of Utrecht; mostly full, graded in red and black
- Title: Hours of the Virgin
- Rubric: Hier beghinnen die seuen ghetiden van onser lieuer vrouwen. Mettentijt Domine.
- Incipit: Here du selte opdoen myn lippen
- Decoration note: Historiated initial fol. 14r
- Title: Hours of the Holy Cross
- Rubric: Hier beghinnen die seuen ghetiden vanden heilighen cruce. Die mettentijt.
- Incipit: Here ihesu criste des leuenden goods soen
- Decoration note: Large decorated initial fol. 61r
- Title: Hours of the Holy Spirit
- Rubric: Hier beghinnen die seuen ghetiden vanden heilighen gheest Die metten Domine la.
- Incipit: Here du selte opdoen mijn lippen
- Decoration note: Large decorated initial fol. 83r
- Title: Penitential Psalms and litany
- Rubric: Hier beghint die seuen psalm van penitencien.
- Incipit: Here in dynre verbolghentheit en straffe
- Decoration note: Large decorated initial fol. 105r
- Title: Office of the Dead
- Rubric: Hier begint die vigilie van neghen lessen.
- Incipit: Mi hebben omme beuanghen
- Decoration note: Large decorated initial fol. 121r
- Title: Prayers for the Eucharist
- Rubric: Dit ghebet selmen lesen eer dat men gaen wil totten heilighen sacrament.
- Incipit: Three prayers: fol. 153r: O ouerste priester ende waerachtig biscop; fol. 155v: O he ihesu criste lof si dynre ontsprekeliker minnintliker goedertierenth(eit); fol. 156r: Lof si den vader inder moghenth(eit). Lof si den sone inder wijsh(eit)
- Decoration note: Large decorated initial fol. 153r
- Title: Initial "H" (Here du selte) with Virgin and Child, and prophet with scroll in margin
- Form: Historiated initial "H," 8 lines
- Text: Hours of the Virgin
The painting of the Virgin and Child has been heavily restored.
- Title: Foliate initial "H" (Here ihesu criste) with grotesques in margin
- Form: Decorated initial "H," 9 lines
- Text: Hours of the Holy Cross
- Title: Foliate initial "H" (Here du selte) with human-faced animal in margin
- Form: Decorated initial "H," 9 lines
- Text: Hours of the Holy Spirit
- Title: Foliate initial "H" (Here in dynre) with beast-legged bishop in margin
- Form: Decorated initial "H," 8 lines
- Text: Penitential Psalms
- Title: Foliate initial "M" (Mi hebben) with beast-legged nude woman in margin
- Form: Decorated initial "M," 9 lines
- Text: Office of the Dead
The binding is not original.
French, eighteenth century, brown, oiled leather, roll border with silver design, cast and chiselled metal corner pieces and clasps
Created in the fifteenth century in the Netherlands
Marshall C. Lefferts collection, sold 1901; ex-libris on inside corner, upper board
George H. Richmond, purchased from Lefferts sale, 1901
Henry Walters, Baltimore, acquired before 1931
Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest
De Ricci, Seymour. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson, 1935, p. 793, cat. no. 3.
Principal cataloger: Marrow, James
Cataloger: Walters Art Museum curatorial staff and researchers since 1934
Editors: Herbert, Lynley; Noel, William
Copy editor: Dibble, Charles
Conservators: Owen, Linda; Quandt, Abigail
Contributors: Bockrath, Diane; Dutschke, Consuelo; Emery, Doug; Noel, William; Tabritha, Ariel; Toth, Michael B.
The Walters Art Museum
Licensed for use under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported Access Rights, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/legalcode. It is requested that copies of any published articles based on the information in this data set be sent to the curator of manuscripts, The Walters Art Museum, 600 North Charles Street, Baltimore MD 21201.