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Walters Ms. W.190, Book of Hours
Book of Hours
Illuminated in the style of the Master of the Black Prayerbook, this manuscript was created ca. 1460-1470. It contains features in the calendar that indicate a destination of Bruges, and aspects of the litany point to the city of Liège. The manuscript is currently misbound, but an attempt has been made to reconstruct the original order of the quires. The full-page miniatures and historiated initials are painted with a mixture of grisaille and colored techniques. There may be a reference to the patron and their family taking communion on fol. 47v.
Ca. 1460-70 CE
The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.
Well-selected parchment of light to medium weight; margins were cleaned sometime in the modern era, occasionally causing damage (eg., fol. 48r, initial on line one has almost disappeared)
Front and back flyleaves are modern parchment and are bifoliate with pastedowns
Formula: As it appears in the current binding: Quires 1-2: 6 (fols. 1-12); Quire 3: 6, with fifth folio cancelled (fols. 13-17); Quire 4: 6 (fols. 18-23); Quire 5: 8, with eighth folio cancelled (fols. 24-30); Quire 6: 4, with first folio cancelled (fols. 31-33); Quire 7: 2 (fols. 34-35); Quires 8-9: 8 (fols. 36-51); Quire 10: 8, with first and eighth folios cancelled (fols. 52-57); Quire 11: 8 (fols. 58-65); Quire 12: 8 (fols. 66-73); Quire 13: 8, with first folio cancelled (fols. 74-80); Quires 14-18: 8 (fols. 81-120); Quire 19: 10, with tenth folio cancelled (fols. 121-129); Quire 20: 6 (fols. 130-135); Quire 21: 4 (fols. 136-139)
11.8 cm wide by 17.5 cm high
fols. 1r - 139v: 6.1 cm wide by 10.2 cm high
fols. 1r - 12v: 5.8 cm wide by 9.2 cm high
- Columns: 1
- Ruled lines: 20
- Some folios of the calendar have fewer written lines but seem to have been ruled with 20 lines before pages were washed
- Columns: 1
- Ruled lines: 12-18
- Title: Book of Hours
- Contents: Book is misbound, with reconstructed order as follows: fols. 1r-12v: Calendar; fols. 13r-16v: Gospel Sequence; fols. 17r-19v, 20r-22v, 23r-v, 44r-v, 45r-47r, 47v-50r, 50v-51v, 31r-32r, 32v-35r: Hours for Each Day of the Week; fols. 36r-43v, 24r-v: Seven Penitential Psalms; fols. 24v-30v: Litany; fols. 52r-120v: Devotional Sequence to the Virgin; fols. 121r-131r: Devotional Sequence; fols. 131v-139r: Suffrages; fol. 139r-v: Early Added Prayer on Five Joys of the Virgin
- Hand note: Written in littera batarda, pauses marked by punctus elevatus or punctus
- Decoration note: Nine full-page miniatures with floral borders accompanying them; seven historiated initials; gold, rose, and blue decorated initials for secondary text divisions (2 lines); flourished initials in alternating blue and gold for versals (1 line); rubrics in red; text in black or dark brown ink
- Title: Calendar
- Rubric: Januarius habet dies xxxi. Luna xxx.
- Contents: Calendar full, graded in red and brown ink; almost synonymous with Bruges calendar; variants are as follows: occasional feasts (e.g., Chrysolius), translation of Augustine, reversed dates of successive feast days (e.g., Ursmar and Peter deacon), identification of Louis as king of France
- Title: Gospel Sequences
- Rubric: Secundum Johannem Gloria. tibi. domine
- Incipit: In principio erat verbum
- Contents: John 1:1-14, Luke 1:26-38, Matthew 2:1-12, Mark 16:14-20
- Decoration note: Full-page miniature on fol. 13r
- Title: Hours for each day of the week
- Rubric: Hore de dominica de sancta trinitate
- Incipit: Domine labia mea
- Contents: Fols. 17r-19v: Sunday Hours of the Trinity, with Communion prayer for Holy Sacrament of the Eucharist; fols. 20r-22v: Monday Hours of the Dead; fol. 23r-v and 44r-v: Tuesday Hours of the Holy Spirit; fols. 45r-47r: Wednesday Hours of All Saints (misbound); fols. 47v-50r: Thursday Hours of the Sacrament; fols. 50v-51v and 31r-32r: Friday Hours of the Cross (misbound); fols. 32v-35r: Saturday Hours of the Virgin; prayer to Christ added on fol. 35r at the end of the text
- Decoration note: Seven full-page miniatures on fols. 17r, 20r, 23r, 45r, 47v, 50v, and 32v
- Title: Seven Penitential Psalms and Litany
- Rubric: Incipiunt septem psalmi penitentiales
- Incipit: Domine ne in furore tuo
- Contents: Fols. 36r-43v and 24r-v: Seven Penitential Psalms; fols. 24v-30v: litany; South Netherlandish destination indicated; sixteen apostles and evangelists, from Peter to Thaddeus; thirteen martyrs (eleven single, one pair) including Adrian, Cornelius, George, Victor, Cosmas and Damian, Christopher, Sebastian, Ghislain, Blasius; twelve confessors including Brictus, Augustine, Jerome, Ambrose, Gregory I, Gilbert, Francis, Jodocus, Julian; eleven virgins/widows/"continentes" including Mary Magdalene, Mary Egyptian, Catherine, Agnes, Anne, Apollonia, Gertrude, Elizabeth; fols. 26v-28r: petitions, invocations, cues; fols. 28r-30r: brief prayers, written consecutively, causes and individuals cited include Church, peace, pastor, king, brethren and sisters, faithful traveling on land and sea, persecutors, slanderers, benefactors, the sick, and the faithful dead
- Text note: Due to book having been misbound, rubric and incipit are found on fol. 36r.
- Decoration note: Full-page miniature on fol. 36r
- Title: Devotional Sequence for the Virgin
- Incipit: ...Saluto te beatissime dei genitrix
- Contents: Text begins imperfectly; psalter, prayers, and petitions dedicated to the Virgin; fols. 52v-112v: Psalter of the Virgin, 8-partite, recitation at nocturn on ferial days specified in headings; fols. 114r-119r: Litany of the Virgin; fol.s 117v-119r: Petitions; fols. 119r-120v: Prayer to the Virgin
- Decoration note: Eight historiated initials on fols. 52v, 62v, 67v, 73v, 79v, 84v, 91r, and 96v
- Title: Devotional Sequence
- Rubric: Canticum sancti athanasii
- Incipit: Quicunque vult saluus esse
- Contents: Fols. 121r-125v: Athanasian Creed; Prayers to three members of the Trinity, Prayer to Christ; fols. 125v-127r: Five joys of the Virgin, rhyming; Prayer to Christ; fols. 127r-128r: Pre-Communion prayer; fols. 129r-131v: Communion prayers
- Decoration note: Decorated initials
- Title: Suffrages
- Rubric: Memoria de sancta cruce
- Incipit: Salve tremendum caput
- Contents: Fols. 131v-139: Suffrages, to the Cross, eight male and seven female saints; fols. 131v-132v: Cross, referring to Crown of Thorns, Flagellation, wounds, ending imperfectly; fol. 133r: John the Evangelist, end of text only; fol. 133r: Christopher, rhyming; fol. 133v: Adrian; fol. 134r: Sebastian; fol. 134v: George; fol. 135r: Nicholas; fol. 135v: Anthony; fol. 136r: Julian; fol. 136v: Catherine; fol. 137r: Barbara; fol. 137v: Margaret; fol. 138r: Apollonia; fol. 138v: Agnes; fol. 138v: Elizabeth
- Decoration note: Decorated initials
- Title: Prayer on Five Joys of the Virgin
- Incipit: Ave cuius conceptio solempni
- Contents: Added early, prayer on Five Joys of the Virgin consisting of five invocations; fol. 139v: Prayer to God on the Five Joys of the Virgin, Prayer to the Virgin ending imperfectly in same hand as additions on fols. 19v, 35r
- Hand note: Written in a different hand at a later, yet still early, date
- Title: Holy Communion
- Form: Full-page miniature
- Text: Thursday, Hours of the Sacrament
Possibly a portrait of the patrons and their family
- Title: Initial "B" with Moses and the Burning Bush
- Form: Historiated initial "B," 6 lines
- Text: Psalm 1
- Title: Initial "D" with the Nativity-Adoration
- Form: Historiated initial "D," 7 lines
- Text: Psalm 38
- Title: Initial "D" with the Annunciation to the Shepherds
- Form: Historiated initial "D," 8 lines
- Text: Psalm 52
- Title: Initial "S" with the Massacre of the Innocents
- Form: Historiated initial "S," 7 lines
- Text: Psalm 68
- Title: Initial "E" with the Presentation in the Temple
- Form: Historiated initial "E," 7 lines
- Text: Psalm 80
- Title: Initial "C" with the Adoration of the Magi
- Form: Historiated initial "C," 7 lines
- Text: Psalm 97
The binding is not original.
Bound in France ca. 1900 in dark green velvet, and leather fore-edge tabs added at that time
Created ca. 1460-70, calendar indicates Bruges as destination, and litany has features common to Liège; fol. 47v may have portrait of patron and family
Effaced monogram on top-right of fol. 1r visible under UV light; lower margin of same page has inscription in brown ink "Ioannes Reitmakers/anno 1663"
Léon Gruel, Paris, late nineteenth-early twentieth century; possibly rebound by him; bookplate on upper board inside
Henry Walters, Baltimore, likely purchased from Gruel between 1900 and 1931
Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest
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Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.
Cataloger: Shartrand, Emily
Editor: Herbert, Lynley
Copy editor: Wallace, Susan
Conservators: Owen, Linda; Quandt, Abigail
Contributors: Emery, Doug; Noel, William; Schuele, Allyson; Tabritha, Ariel; Toth, Michael B.; Valle, Chiara; Wiegand, Kimber
The Walters Art Museum
Licensed for use under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported Access Rights, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode. It is requested that copies of any published articles based on the information in this data set be sent to the curator of manuscripts, The Walters Art Museum, 600 North Charles Street, Baltimore MD 21201.