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Walters Ms. W.149, Two leaves from the Mirror of human salvation

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Shelf mark

W.149


Manuscript

Two leaves from the Mirror of human salvation


Text title
Speculum Humanae Salvationis

Abstract

This a fragment of a manuscript that was made in Germany in the late fourteenth century. It was part of a brightly illuminated copy of a popular anonymous treatise called the Speculum humanae salvationis, or Mirror of human salvation, in which events of the Old Testament were compared to those of the New. In this example, as was often the case, each column is headed by a miniature. These pages were reused as a wrapper for a book at some later time. The ghosting of the book it adorned can still be seen in the dark, abraded portion that spans the two pages. By the nineteenth century, the value of the pages was recognized, and they were restored to their state as a bifolium.


Date

Late 14th century CE


Origin

Germany


Form

Leaves


Genre

Theological


Language:

The primary language in this manuscript is Latin.


Support material

Parchment

Medium weight, cream-colored parchment with discoloration in center from reuse as book cover


Extent

Foliation: 2

Pencil foliation "1" on first blank page in lower right corner


Collation

Formula: Bifolium

Catchwords: None

Comments: Since the text is continuous, this seems to have been the central bifolium of a quire


Dimensions

22.8 cm wide by 30.9 cm high


Written surface

19.8 cm wide by 15.0 cm high


Layout
  1. Columns: 2
  2. Ruled lines: 28-29

Contents:
fols. 1v - 2v:
  1. Title: Speculum Humanae Salvationis
  2. Incipit: In praecedenti capitulo audivimus
  3. Contents: Fragmentary; contains Chapter 6 in full, and Chapter 7 to line 56 ("Rubus sustinuit ignem et non perdidit viriditatem")
  4. Hand note: Semi-formal cursive hybrid bookhand
  5. Decoration note: Six miniatures over three pages, with two side-by-side on the top half of each page, painted in green, red, and brown washes with silver accents; rubrics and image captions in red; text in black ink

Decoration:

fol. 1v:

  1. W.149, fol. 1v
  2. Title: The Marriage of the Virgin and the Marriage of Sarah and Tobias
  3. Form: Column miniatures
  4. Text: Chapter 6

fol. 2r:

  1. W.149, fol. 2r
  2. Title: The Tower of Baris and The Tower of David
  3. Form: Column miniatures
  4. Text: Chapter 6

fol. 2v:

  1. W.149, fol. 2v
  2. Title: The Annunciation and Moses at the Burning Bush
  3. Form: Column miniatures
  4. Text: Chapter 7

Provenance

Originally part of a manuscript created in Germany, late fourteenth century

Bifolium reused as wrapper for later book at an unknown place and time

Franz Trau collection, Vienna, Austria, until 1905

Ludwig Rosenthal, purchased from Franz Trau, Munich, October 27-28, 1905, no. 82 for 920 kronens

Leonardo Olschki, Italy, purchased from Ludwig Rosenthal, November 22, 1905 for 862.55 marks

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Olschki, no. 29361, for 1185 lire


Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest


Bibliography

Schwarz, Franz Joseph. Archive fuer christliche Kunst. Stuttgart: Kommissionsverlag "Deutsches volksblatt," 1884, pp. 87-88.

De Ricci, Seymour. "Errata and Addenda." In Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 2. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1937, p. 2292 (ref. to p. 821, cat. no. 390).


Contributors

Catalogers: Herbert, Lynley; Walters Art Museum curatorial staff and researchers since 1934

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Joyal, Stephanie

Conservators: Owen, Linda; Quandt, Abigail

Contributors: Bockrath, Diane; Dutschke, Consuelo; Emery, Doug; Hamburger, Jeffrey; Noel, William; Tabritha, Ariel; Toth, Michael B.


Publisher

The Walters Art Museum


License

Licensed for use under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported Access Rights, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/legalcode. It is requested that copies of any published articles based on the information in this data set be sent to the curator of manuscripts, The Walters Art Museum, 600 North Charles Street, Baltimore MD 21201.