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Walters Ms. W.585, Three hundred sixty Sufi questions

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Shelf mark



Three hundred sixty Sufi questions

Text title
Khawātim al-ḥikam wa-ḥall al-rumūz wa-kashf al-kunūz

Vernacular: خواتم الحكم وحل الرموز وكشف الكنوز


As-written name: ʿAlī Dadah ibn Muṣṭafá ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn al-Būsnawī

Supplied name: ʿAlī Dede al-Būsnawī (d. 1007 AH / 1598 CE)

Name, in vernacular: علي دده بن مصطفى علاء الدين البسنوي

Note: Author name supplied by cataloger


This work on Sufism in the form of questions entitled Khawātim al-ḥikam is by ʿAlī Dede al-Būsnawī (d. 1007 AH / 1598 CE). This particular Ottoman copy was written in nastaʿlīq script by Muṣṭafá ibn al-Ḥājj Muḥammad in 1081 AH / 1670 CE. The Arabic text begins with an illuminated headpiece (fol. 1b). The red leather binding with central lobed oval with arabesques on a gold ground is contemporary with the manuscript.


Mid Jumādá II 1081 AH / 1670 CE




As-written name: Muṣṭafá ibn al-Ḥājj Muḥammad

Name, in vernacular: مصطفى بن الحاج محمد






The primary language in this manuscript is Arabic.

fol. 210b:
  1. Transliteration: tamma al-kitāb al-mustaṭāb bi-ʿawn Allāh al-malik al-wahhāb /1/ ʿalá yad al-ʿabd al-mudhnib al-faqīr al-ḥaqīr al-muḥtāj ilá raḥmat rabbih al-qadīr /2/ Muṣṭafá ibn al-Ḥājj Muḥammad fī awāsiṭ Jumādá al-ākhirah /3/ li-sanat iḥdá wa-thamānīn wa-alf min hijrah man lahu al-ʿizz wa-al-sharaf /4/
  2. Comment: Written obliquely on the right side of the frame, containing the name of the scribe and the date of copying

Support material


Cream-colored, watermarked laid European paper


Foliation: 210+v

Original foliation in red ink


Catchwords: On versos, written obliquely outside the frame


12.5 cm wide by 20.0 cm high

Written surface

6.5 cm wide by 14.0 cm high

  1. Columns: 1
  2. Ruled lines: 21
  3. Framing lines in gold, black, and red

fols. 1b - 210b:
  1. Title: Khawātim al-ḥikam wa-ḥall al-rumūz wa-kashf al-kunūz
  2. Author: ʿAlī Dadah ibn Muṣṭafá ʿAlāʾ al-Dīn al-Būsnawī
  3. Scribe: Muṣṭafá ibn al-Ḥājj Muḥammad
  4. Incipit: الحمد لله العلي الاعلم الفياض ...
  5. Text note: Main text preceded by a detailed table of contents (fihrist) (fols. 1a-13a), enclosed in a gold frame; marginal corrections and glosses present, some attributable to the author (minhiyāt)
  6. Hand note: Written in rubricated Turkish nastaʿlīq script
  7. Decoration note: Illuminated headpiece (fol. 1b); framing lines in gold, black, and red


Upper board outside:

  1. W.585, Upper board outside
  2. Title: Binding
  3. Form: Binding
  4. Label: This red leather binding has a central lobed oval with arabesques on a gold ground and gold frame.

fol. 1b:

  1. W.585, fol. 1b
  2. Title: Illuminated incipit page with headpiece
  3. Form: Incipit; headpiece
  4. Label: This illuminated incipit page with polychrome floral design is inscribed with the doxological formula (basmalah).


The binding is original.

Red leather (with flap); central lobed oval with arabesques on a gold ground; pastedowns of marbled paper


[Ex libris] Muḥammad ibn Zādah al-Ayyūbī, 1117 AH / 1705 CE (fol.1a)

Bequest (waqf) seal of the Vizier al-Shahīd ʿAlī Pāshā (fol. 1a [erased] and fol. 210b), dated 1130 AH / 1717 CE; former shelf mark 1173

[Ex libris] ʿAlī (fol. 1a)


Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters bequest


Brockelmann, Carl. Geschichte der arabischen Litteratur (New York; Köln: E.J. Brill, 1996), 2:562.


Principal cataloger: Gacek, Adam

Catalogers: Landau, Amy; Smith, Sita

Editor: Bockrath, Diane

Conservators: Jewell, Stephanie; Quandt, Abigail

Contributors: Barrera, Christina; Emery, Doug; Herbert, Lynley; Noel, William; Simpson, Shreve; Tabritha, Ariel; Toth, Michael B.; Valle, Chiara


The Walters Art Museum


Licensed for use under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported Access Rights, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/legalcode. It is requested that copies of any published articles based on the information in this data set be sent to the curator of manuscripts, The Walters Art Museum, 600 North Charles Street, Baltimore MD 21201.