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Walters Ms. W.42, Psalter of Jernoul de Camphaing

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Psalter of Jernoul de Camphaing

Text title


This pocket-sized Biblical Psalter was produced for Jernoul de Camphaing in the third quarter of the thirteenth century. Although now misbound and missing some text and two images, the manuscript still retains eight lively historiated initials in a style typical of the region of Flanders that is now considered northeastern France. A small group of suffrages was added during the fourteenth century to originally blank folios at the end of the manuscript, a of sign of another generation of use.


Third quarter of the 13th century CE


Northeast France (Flanders at the time)






The primary language in this manuscript is Latin. The secondary language of this manuscript is French, Old (842-ca.1400).

Support material


Medium-weight, well-prepared parchment, darkened from use


Foliation: i+227(+2 bis folios, and with one missed number)+i

Flyleaves are modern parchment; folios are numbered up to 227, but two folios were missed and did not receive numbers, and one folio number was skipped, so there are actually 228 folios; two sets of foliation present: earlier pencil foliation in lower right corners rectos (incorrect) and modern pencil foliation upper right corners rectos (used here)


Formula: Quire 1: 12, with first folio missing (fols. 1-11); Quires 2-4: 12 (fols. 12-47); Quire 5: 12, with first and twelfth folios missing (fols. 48-57); Quires 6-17: 12 (fols. 58-199, including fols. 95bis and 169bis); Quire 18: 14, with the number "212" accidentally left out of the foliation (fols. 200-214); Quire 19: 12, with a thirteenth folio added (fols. 215-227)

Catchwords: None

Signatures: None

Comments: Misbound and incomplete


9.0 cm wide by 12.5 cm high

Written surface

5.4 cm wide by 8.2 cm high

  1. Columns: 1
  2. Ruled lines: 17
  3. Ruled in lead

fols. 1r - 227v:
  1. Title: Psalter
  2. Hand note: Written in textura semi-quadrata
  3. Decoration note: Two missing historiated initials (from Psalms 1 and 38); eight extant historiated initials (5-8 lines); minor psalms and canticles introduced by enlarged decorated initials in gold against blue and rose grounds with white accents (3 lines); psalm versals in alternating gold with blue flourishes and blue with red flourishes; geometric line fillers and marginal pen flourishes in gold, blue, and red throughout; rubrics in red; text in black ink
fols. 1r - 170r:
  1. Title: Biblical Psalter
  2. Contents: Originally a nine-partite Biblical Psalter; contents misbound and incomplete; fols. 13r-47v: Psalms 2.2-37.23; fols. 48r-57v: Psalms 38.12-47.4; fols. 58r-69v: Psalms 48.6-58.11; fols. 129r-140v: Psalms 58.12-68.16; fols. 70r-128v: Psalms 68.17-108.31; fols. 1r-12v: Psalms 109.1-118.71; fols. 141r-170r: Psalms 118.71-150.6
  3. Decoration note: Historiated initials on fols. 1r, 30r, 62r, 63r, 89v, 108r, and 139v
fols. 170r - 188r:
  1. Title: Weekly canticles
  2. Incipit: Confitebor tibi
  3. Decoration note: Historiated initial fol. 170r
fols. 188r - 193v:
  1. Title: Litany, petitions, and collects
  2. Incipit: Kyrieleyson
  3. Contents: Choice of saints indicates use in northeast France; litany includes twenty-three martyrs, including Callistus, Maurice, Nicasius, Fabianus, Sebastian, Saturninus, Antony, Julian, Marcellus, Genesius, Valentine, George, and Blasius; nineteen confessors, monks, hermits, including Remigius, Germanus, Vedast, Amandus, Jerome, Benedict, Hilary, Basil, Leonard, and Aegydius; seventeen virgins, including Margaret, Amalberga, Walburga, Brigid, and Catherine; fols. 192r-193v: Pater noster, seven petitions, and six collects
fols. 194r - 226r:
  1. Title: Office of the Dead and prayers
  2. Incipit: Dilexi quoniam exaudiet
  3. Contents: For the use of Rome; fols. 199r-201v: twelve Latin prayers with French rubrics; fol. 226r: rubric with name of owner
fols. 226v - 227v:
  1. Title: Added suffrages
  2. Incipit: Johannes apostolo et evangelista
  3. Contents: Text added in the fourteenth century; suffrages to SS. John the Evangelist, Mary Magdalene, Catherine, and Elisabeth of Hungary
  4. Hand note: Later fourteenth-century hand


fol. 1r:

  1. W.42, fol. 1r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with the Trinity
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 8 lines
  4. Text: Psalm 109

fol. 30r:

  1. W.42, fol. 30r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with David pointing to his eye before Christ
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 8 lines
  4. Text: Psalm 26

fol. 62r:

  1. W.42, fol. 62r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with Christ banishing devil
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 5 lines
  4. Text: Psalm 51

fol. 63r:

  1. W.42, fol. 63r
  2. Title: Initial "D" with Christ and the fool
  3. Form: Historiated initial "D," 8 lines
  4. Text: Psalm 52

fol. 89v:

  1. W.42, fol. 89v
  2. Title: Initial "E" with David ringing bells
  3. Form: Historiated initial "E," 8 lines
  4. Text: Psalm 80

fol. 108r:

  1. W.42, fol. 108r
  2. Title: Initial "C" with three monks singing
  3. Form: Historiated initial "C," 8 lines
  4. Text: Psalm 97

fol. 139v:

  1. W.42, fol. 139v
  2. Title: Initial "S" with David in water below the hand of God
  3. Form: Historiated initial "S," 8 lines
  4. Text: Psalm 68

fol. 170r:

  1. W.42, fol. 170r
  2. Title: Initial "C" with king praying at altar
  3. Form: Historiated initial "C," 8 lines
  4. Text: Canticles


The binding is not original.

Rebound in Paris by Léon Gruel in the late nineteenth/early twentieth century; green velvet, edges stained red; remnants of leather dealer tabs (mostly broken)


Created in the last quarter of the thirteenth century in northeast France (French Flanders) for Jernoul de Camphaing (modern day Camphin, near Lille), whose name appears in red inscription fol. 226r

Léon Gruel, Paris, late nineteenth/early twentieth century; his inscription on front pastedown "Add. Ms. 18"

Henry Walters, Baltimore, purchased from Gruel between 1895 and 1931


Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters' bequest


De Ricci, Seymour, and W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. Vol. 1. New York: H. W. Wilson Company, 1935; p. 773, cat. no. 102.

Oliver, Judith H. Gothic Manuscript Illumination in the Diocese of Liege (c. 1250-1330). Leuven: Peeters, 1988; p. 76 (n. 67).

Randall, Lilian M. C. Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery. Vol. 1, France, 875-1420. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press in association withe the Walters Art Gallery, 1989; pp. 77-79, cat. no. 33.


Principal cataloger: Randall, Lilian M.C.

Cataloger: Herbert, Lynley

Editor: Herbert, Lynley

Copy editor: Wallace, Susan

Conservator: Owen, Linda

Contributors: Emery, Doug; Noel, William; Schuele, Allyson; Tabritha, Ariel; Toth, Michael B.; Wiegand, Kimber


The Walters Art Museum


Licensed for use under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported Access Rights, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/legalcode. It is requested that copies of any published articles based on the information in this data set be sent to the curator of manuscripts, The Walters Art Museum, 600 North Charles Street, Baltimore MD 21201.