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Walters Ms. W.675, Single leaf from the Arabic version of Dioscorides' De materia medica

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Shelf mark

W.675


Manuscript

Single leaf from the Arabic version of Dioscorides' De materia medica


Text title
De materia medica

Author

Authority name: Dioscorides Pedanius, of Anazarbos


Abstract

This is a single leaf from a dispersed manuscript (Aya Sofya 3703, later Top Kapi Seray 2147) of the Arabic version of De materia medica by Dioscorides (fl. ca. 65 CE) that was copied in 621 AH / 1224 CE in Baghdad. Approximately thirty illustrations were removed from this parent manuscript that are now in public and private collections. The Walters' leaf depicts two doctors preparing medicine. A funnel is set on a tripod over a vessel. The two men preparing the medicinal draught stand on either side of the tripod beside two fruit trees. The text is written in partially vocalized naskh script in brownish-black and red ink.


Date

[Rajab 621 AH / 1224 CE]


Origin

Baghdad


Scribe

As-written name: ʿAbd Allāh ibn Faḍl

Name, in vernacular: عبد الله بن فضل


Form

Leaf


Genre

Scientific -- Medical


Language:

The primary language in this manuscript is Arabic.


Support material

Paper

Thick laid paper


Extent

Foliation: Not applicable


Dimensions

24.9 cm wide by 33.5 cm high


Written surface

17.0 cm wide by 24.0 cm high


Layout
  1. Columns: 1
  2. Ruled lines: 13

Contents:
fols. W.675a - W.675b:
  1. Title: De materia medica
  2. Author: Dioscorides Pedanius, of Anazarbos
  3. Scribe: ʿAbd Allāh ibn Faḍl
  4. Hand note: Written in partially vocalized naskh script in brownish-black and red ink
  5. Decoration note: One illustration

Decoration:

fol. W.675a:

  1. W.675, fol. W.675a
  2. Title: Two doctors preparing medicine
  3. Form: Illustration
  4. Label: This illustration depicts two doctors preparing medicine. The text is written in partially vocalized naskh script in brownish-black and red ink.

fol. W.675b:

  1. W.675, fol. W.675b
  2. Title: Text page
  3. Form: Text page

Acquisition

Walters Art Museum, 1931, by Henry Walters bequest


Bibliography

Grube, E.J. "Materialien zum Dioskurides Arabicus." In Aus der Welt der islamischen Kunst. Festschrift für Ernst Kühnel zum 75. Geburtstag am 26. 10. 1957. Richard Ettinghausen, ed. (Berlin: Gebr. Mann, 1959), 176.

Buchthal, Hugo. "Early Islamic Miniatures from Baghdad." Journal of the Walters Art Gallery 5 (1942): 21, fig. 1; 24.

Grube, Ernst J. and Maria Alberta Fabris. Muslim Miniature Paintings from the XIII to XIX Century from Collections in the United States and Canada: Catalogue of the Exhibition. (Venezia: N. Pozza, 1962), 2-4.

Carey, Moya. "Al-Sufi and Son: Ibn al-Sufi's Poem on the Stars and its Prose Parent." Muqarnas 26 (2009): 183-204.

Rogers, Michael J. "Text and Illustrations: Dioscorides and the Illustrated Herbal in the Arab Tradition." In Arab Painting: Text and Image in Illustrated Arabic Manuscripts. Handbook of Oriental Studies. Anna Contadini, ed. (Boson: Brill, 2007), 41-47.

Day, Florence E. "The Mesopotamian Manuscripts of Dioscorides." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, New Series 8, no. 9 (1950): 274-280.

Buchthal, Hugo, Otto Kurz, and Richard Ettinghausen. "Supplementary Notes to K. Holter's Checklist of Islamic Illuminated Manuscripts before A.D. 1350." Ars Islamica 7, no. 2 (1940): 147-164.

Dimand, M. S. "Dated Specimens of Mohammedan Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art Part II." Metropolitan Museum Studies 1, no. 2 (1929): 208-232.

Exhibition of Islamic Art at the de Young Museum, February 24 to March 22, 1937. Exhibition catalog. (San Francisco: de Young Museum, 1937), 26; nos. 19-22; fig. 19.

Touwaide, Alain. Farmacopea araba medievale: codice Ayasofia 3703. Milan: Antea Edizioni, 1992-93.

Atil, Esin. Art of the Arab World. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution, 1975.

Anet, Claude. "Exhibition of Persian Miniatures at the Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris I." Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs 22, no. 115 (1912), fig. a.


Contributors

Principal cataloger: Gacek, Adam

Catalogers: Landau, Amy; Smith, Sita

Editor: Bockrath, Diane

Conservators: Jewell, Stephanie; Quandt, Abigail

Contributors: Barrera, Christina; Emery, Doug; Herbert, Lynley; Noel, William; Simpson, Shreve; Tabritha, Ariel; Toth, Michael B.; Valle, Chiara


Publisher

The Walters Art Museum


License

Licensed for use under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported Access Rights, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/legalcode. It is requested that copies of any published articles based on the information in this data set be sent to the curator of manuscripts, The Walters Art Museum, 600 North Charles Street, Baltimore MD 21201.